Greek war of independence
Greek war of independence

The Bluejackets Periods Regency Greek war of independence

Greek war of independence




The Greek War of Indepence Begins

Feb 21, 1821

The Greek War of Indepence begins in the Danubian Principalities, but this first revolt was soon put down.

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Location: Greece



Monastery of Agia Lavra

Mar 25, 1821

The greeks raise their flag in Monastery of Agia Lavra

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Location: Greece



Battle of Dragasani

Jun 19, 1821

The Ottomans defeat the Greeks at the Battle of Dragasani

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Location: Greece



Greek Rebels Capture Tripolitza

Sep 23, 1821

Greek rebels capture Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Peloponnesian area of Greece

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Location: Greece



Alexandros Mavrokordatos Becomes Leader

Jan 15, 1822

Alexandros Mavrokordatos is made the leader of the Greek revolt by being elected President of the Executive at the First National Assembley at Epidaurus

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Location: Greece



Frank Hastings Sails for Greece

Mar 12, 1822

Frank Hastings sails for Greece in order to help the Greek revolt against the Ottoman Empire.

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Location: Britain



The Chios Massacre

Apr 1822

During this massacre all infants under three years old, all males 12 years and older, and all females 40 and older, except those willing to convert to Islam are killed.

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Location: Greece



Battle of Peta

Jul 16, 1822

7,000-8,000 Ottoman troops attacked attacked the Greek forces at Peta. The Greeks held their fire on the Ottoman cavalry until they were within 100 feet of the ridge. The Ottoman cavalry charged the ridge several times, but were beaten back each time until they were betrayed by a Greek commander who had agreed before the battle to retreat from his position. Once the Ottoman force had this position they were able to take the village and then attack the Greeks from the rear resulting in heavy casualties for the Greek forces.

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Location: Greece



The Seige of Missolonghi Begins

Oct 25, 1822

The seige of Missolonghi begins as an Ottoman force of 11000 surround Missolonghi by both land and sea. Inside the town the Greeks only had 600 men (including Alexandros Mavrokordatos) and 14 guns. The Ottomans had enough strength to have been able to take the town, but they preferred to negotiate instead.

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Location: Greece



The Ottomans Attack Missolonghi

Dec 24, 1822

The Ottomans finally decide to attack Missolonghi. They decided to use Christmas as the date for their attack in the hope that this would take the Greeks by surprise. The Greeks, however had been tipped off and were able to repel the attack.

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Location: Greece



The Ottoman Retreat From Missolonghi

Dec 31, 1822

The Ottoman army retreats from Missolonghi lifting the seige of the town

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Leaves Genoa for Greece

Jul 16, 1823

Lord Byron leaves Genoa for Greece in order to assist the Greeks in their independence struggle with the Ottoman Empire

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Location: Mediterranean



Lord Byron Arrives in Kefalonia

Aug 04, 1823

Lord Byron arrives in Kefalonia which was under British rule

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Heads for the Mainland

Dec 28, 1823

While travelling to mainland Greece from Kefalonia Lord Byron's ship was surprised by an Ottoman warship, which mistook them for a fireship and therefore decided not to attack

Lord Byron heads for the mainland

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Meets Alexandros Mavokordatos

Jan 05, 1824

Lord Byron finally arrives in mainland Greece at Missolonghi having been forced to take a long route so as not to meet any more Ottoman warships. Here he meets with Alexandros Mavokordatos

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Disbands His Force

Feb 15, 1824

Lord Byron disbands the force that he had been planning to attack the Ottoman fortress of Navpaktos due to their ever increasing demands for money.

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Raises the Byron Brigade

Mar 1824

After raising money by selling his British estate at Rochdale Manor Lord Byron raises the Byron Brigade of 30 officers and 200 men and then uses his prestige to forge an alliance between Alexandros Mavokordatos and Odysseas Androutsos in order to fight the Ottomans.

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Location: Greece



Lord Byron Dies

Apr 19, 1824

Lord Byron dies from sepsis that he contracted from the instruments used by the doctors that were conducting bloodletting on him for a previous infection. His title transfers to George Byron due to the fact that he had no legitimate male heirs.

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Location: Greece



Ibrahim Pasha Leaves for Greece

Jul 04, 1824

Ibrahim Pasha leaves for Greece in order to put down the Greek rebellion, but ended up unable to get further than Crete and Rhodes because of the danger of Greek fireships.

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Location: Mediterranean



Captain Hastings Orders the Karteria

1825

Captain Hastings orders the Karteria to be built in Rotherhithe near London using a loan from the London Philhellenic Committee.

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Location: Rotherhithe



Ibrahim Pasha Reaches Greece

Feb 26, 1825

Ibrahim Pasha is finally able to reach Greece after a mutiny amongst the greek sailors

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Location: Greece



Battle of Sphacteria

May 08, 1825

Between Egyption forces under Ibrahim Pasha attack Greek forces, including Alexandros Mavrokordatos, on the island of Sphacteria. 1500 Egyptions land on the small island of Sfakitiria. A Greek force of soldiers and sailors attempt to resist, but are forced back to their ship. They manage to escape, but Ibrahim Pasha gains control of the island.

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Location: Greece



Ibrahim Pasha Takes Missolonghi

Apr 22, 1826

Ibrahim Pasha takes Missolonghi in West Greece after a long siege

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Location: Greece



Karteria is Commissioned

May 1826

Karteria is commissioned as a sloop-of-war for the Hellenic Navy. Armed with four 68 pounder canon, she is the first steam powered warship in the world with two independent steam engines connected to paddle wheels. Her paddle wheels gave her unmatched maneuverability when she was in action, although she would still use her sails when cruising between operations.

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Location: Rotherhithe



Karteria Sails on Her First Patrol

Jan 1827

Karteria sails on her first patrol in a flotilla with a number of other boats of the Hellenic Navy. During this patrol she will engage in a number of actions on land and sea.

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Location: Greece



Thomas Cochrane Takes Command of the Hellenic Navy

Mar 1827

Thomas Cochrane takes over command of the Hellenic Navy and decides to use his unique asset, the steamship Karteria, to lead operations off Volos. The sore defences are destroyed and several Ottoman ships are sunk or captured.

Thomas Cochrane takes command of the Hellenic Navy

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Location: Greece



The Treaty of London is Signed

Jun 06, 1827

The Treaty of London is signed between Britain, France and London calling upon Greece and the Ottoman Empire to cease hostilities.

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Location: Britain



Egyptian Reinforcements for the Ottoman Navy

Aug 05, 1827

A large Egyptian force leaves Alexandria to re-enforce the Ottoman navy in Greece

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Location: Alexandria



The Ottoman Empire Rejects the Armistice

Aug 29, 1827

The Ottoman Empire rejects the armistice that had been negotiated in the Treaty of London. Unknown to them the European powers had a secret clause that meant that they would recognise the Greek State if the Ottoman Empire did this.

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Location: Constantinople



Greek Government Accepts the Treaty of London

Sep 02, 1827

The Greek Provisional Government accepts the Treaty of London, freeing the European force to start attacking the Ottomans.

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Location: Greece



The Egyptian Fleet joins the Ottomans

Sep 08, 1827

The Egyptian fleet joins the Ottomans in Navarino

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Location: Greece



The Ottoman Fleet Stops Attacking the Greeks

Sep 25, 1827

Ibrahim Pasha and the admiral of the Ottoman fleet negotiate with the British and agree that they will cease offensive operations against the Greeks.

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Location: Greece



Karteria Attacks the Ottomans

Sep 29, 1827

Karteria under the command of Captain Hastings sinks 9 Ottoman ships during a raid at Itea in the Gulf of Corinth. This destruction provokes Ibrahim Pasha into attacks on the Greek forces, despite his promise not to.

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Location: Greece



Battle of Navarino

Oct 20, 1827

British, French and Russian squadrons enter the harbor at Navarino, Greece, and destroy most of the Egyptian fleet there during Greek War of Independence. It is the last major battle between fleets of sailing ships.

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Location: Greece



The Ottoman Empire Buys a Steam Warship

Jan 01, 1828

The Ottoman Empire acquires its first steam warship as it attempts to rebuild its strength

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Location: Constantinople



Russia Declares War on the Ottoman Empire

Apr 26, 1828

Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire to support Greece's independence

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Location: Greece



Captain Hastings is Wounded

May 25, 1828

Captain Hastings is wounded on board the Karteria during an attack at Aetoliko

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Location: Greece



Captain Hastings Dies

Jun 01, 1828

Captain Hastings dies. He was given a state funeral with full military honours by the Greeks.

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Location: Greece



The Egyptian Forces Capitulate to the Greeks

Oct 01, 1828

The Egyptian forces capitulate to the Greeks after the intervention of the European powers and Ibrahim Pasha leaves the country back to Egypt.

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Location: Greece



Russia And Ottomans Treaty of Adrianople

Sep 14, 1829

Russia and Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople, which ends Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829 and gives Russia access to the mouths of the Danube and the fortresses of Akhaltsikhe and Akhalkalaki in Georgia

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Location: Greece



The Treaty of London

May 07, 1832

The Treaty of London, signed by Britain, France and Russia, establishes a stable government in Greece, making King of Greece Otto of Bavaria, and defines Greece as an independent kingdom

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Location: Britain



Treaty of Constantinople

Jul 21, 1832

Treaty of Constantinople grants Greek independence

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Location: Constantinople



Timelines of the participants of Greek War of Independence

The timeline of Greek War of Independence itself is coloured blue

Greek war of independence