Crimean war
Crimean war

The Bluejackets Periods Victorian Crimean war

Crimean war

Crimean War




Edward Seymour Transfers to HMS Terrible

1853

Edward Seymour transfers to paddle frigate HMS Terrible in the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



Charles Babbage Breaks the Vigenère Cypher

1854

Charles Babbage Vigenère's autokey cipher by noting that the frequency of the enciphered letters remained the same as a similar piece of normal writing. His discovery was kept a military secret as this cypher was being used during the Crimean War.

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Location: Britain



HMS Sans Pareil Goes to the Black Sea

1854

HMS Sans Pareil is sent to the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



HMS Highflyer Sent to Crimean War

1854

HMS Highflyer sent to the Black Sea during the Crimean War

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Location: Portsmouth



HMS Valorous Goes to the Baltic

1854

HMS Valorous is sent to the Baltic

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Location: Baltic



James Hosken Commands a Hospital Ship

1854

James Hosken is appointed as the commanding officer of the hospital ship Belleisle in the Baltic

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Location: Baltic



Campbell is Given the Highland Brigade

1854

Colin Campbell is given command of the Highland Brigade

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Location: Britain



Townsend joins the French Army

Feb 1854

Frederick Townsend Ward enlists in the French Army and is sent to the Crimean War looking for adventure. Earlier that year he had been a failing scrap metal dealer in Mexico. After the business folded he went to San Fransisco by mule and then gots a berth as the First mate on a Clipper ship called Westerward Ho! The ship took him to New York, where he enlisted.

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Location: usa



Campbell is Brevetted Brigadier-General

Feb 21, 1854

Colin Campbell is brevetted as Brigadier-General

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Location: Crimea



Salmon is Promoted to Midshipman

Mar 1854

Nowell Salmon is promoted to Midshipman and assigned to HMS James Watt sent to the Baltic Sea to serve in the Crimean War

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Location: Baltic



Burgoyne Transfers to HMS Waterloo

Mar 20, 1854

Lieutenant Burgoyne transfers to HMS Waterloo from HMS Boscawen

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Location: Baltic



Burgoyne Transfers to HMS Curlew

Mar 20, 1854

Lieutenant Burgoyne transfers to HMS Curlew in the Mediterranean

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Location: Mediterranean



Britain Declares War on Russia

Mar 27, 1854

Britain declares war on Russia starting the British involvement in the Crimean War alongside France and the Ottoman Empire

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Location: Britain



Campbell is Brevetted Major-General

Jun 20, 1854

Colin Campbell is brevetted as Major-General

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Location: Crimea



Battle of Bomarsund

Jun 21, 1854

Three British ships bombard the Bomarsund fortress. The Russian battery replies and during the fight Mate Charles Lucas grabs a Russian shell that had landed on the deck. The shell's fuse was still burning, but he managed to throw it over the side before it exploded. Charles Lucas is promoted to Lieutenant for his actions and will be awarded the Victoria Cross

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Location: Baltic



The British Fleet Returns to Bomarsund

Jul 1854

The British fleet returns to Bomarsund

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Location: Baltic



Captain of HMS Sans Pareil

Jul 09, 1854

Commander Leopold Heath becomes the acting Captain of HMS Sans Pareil in the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



HMS Beagle is Commissioned

Jul 20, 1854

HMS Beagle is commissioned under Lieutenant Edward George

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Location: Britain



The British Land Troops

Aug 08, 1854

The British land troops and establishes a battery of three 32-pounder guns

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Location: Baltic



Landing on Vårdö

Aug 09, 1854

Lieutenant Bythesea and stoker Johnstone land on the island of Vårdö in the Åland Islands to lay in wait for the Russian couriers that they knew would be coming with despatches

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Location: Baltic



British Capture Mail

Aug 12, 1854

Five russians arrive carrying the mailbags. Two escape, but the other three surrender. The British sailors take them prisoner and make the Russians row them back to HMS Arrogant with their mailbags. Both Bythesea and Johnstone are awarded the Victoria Cross for this action.

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Location: Baltic



The French Set Up Battery Near Bomarsund

Aug 13, 1854

The French set up their own battery near Bomarsund and opened fire on the tower of Brännklint. The Russians withdraw from the tower allowing the French to occupy it before the Russians have a chance to destroy it.

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Location: Baltic



Brännklint Tower Destroyed

Aug 15, 1854

The Russians hit the powder magazine of the Brännklint tower destroying it. While this was happening the British destroy the nearby Notvik tower, and both the British and French artillery starts firing on the main Bomarsund fortress.

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Location: Baltic



Bomarsund Surrenders

Aug 16, 1854

A large hole is punched in the walls of the Bomarsund fortress by British and French artillery after which the Russians surrender.

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Location: Baltic



Battle of the Alma

Sep 20, 1854

Battle of the Alma

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Location: Crimea



HMS Terrible Lands Guns

Oct 07, 1854

HMS Terrible landed some of her 68-pounder guns at Balaclava to be used in the siege of Sevastopol

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Location: Balaklava



Horton is Given HMS Ardent

Oct 09, 1854

Command of HMS Ardent is given to William Horton

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Location: Britain



Bombardment of Fort Constantine

Oct 17, 1854

HMS Terrible bombards Fort Constantine at Sevastopol harbour

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Location: Sevastopol



Supplying Batteries At Sevastopol

Oct 18, 1854

The Naval Brigade brings in powder to the battery from a wagon under very heavy fire, a shot having disabled the horses to the battery at Sevastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



Florence Nightingale Goes to the Crimea War

Oct 21, 1854

Sidney Herbert authorises a group of nurses lead by Florence Nightingale to travel to the Ottoman Empire in order to care for wounded troops. The hospital is located 295 nm from the actual battlefields so that it is outside of the area where Malaria is common.

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Location: Constantinople



Battle of Balaclava

Oct 25, 1854

Battle of Balaclava

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Location: Balaklava



Hewett Takes the Initiative

Oct 26, 1854

Acting-Mate Hewett was in charge of the Right Lancaster Battery at Sebastopol. He was ordered to spike his gun and retreat. However, he realised that this order was a mistake so he took it on himself to ignore the order. He and his men then pulled down the parapet of the battery so that they could point it at the advancing enemy.

William Hewett is given an immediate field promoted to Lieutenant for his actions, which he will need to confirm by passing his exams when he gets back to Portsmouth

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Location: Sevastopol



Florence Nightingale Arrives At the Hospital

Nov 1854

Florence Nightingale arrives at the military hospital and is not impressed with what she finds. The staff was over-worked, medicines were in short supply, and hygiene was being neglected leading to mass infections. More soldier are diving from inflections than from their wounds. She writes a letter to the Times asking for a new hospital facility in order to rectify these concerns.

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Location: Constantinople



Battle of Inkerman

Nov 05, 1854

The Naval Brigade force Russian sharp shooters out from caves and then hold the area

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Location: Crimea



Leopold Heath is Promoted to Captain

Nov 13, 1854

Leopold Heath is promoted to Captain

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Location: Black sea



HMS Wasp is Paid Off

Nov 27, 1854

HMS Wasp is paid off in Sheerness after returning from the Crimean War and Lord John Hay is promoted to Captain

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Location: Sheerness



Lord Hay is Given HMS Tribune

Nov 28, 1854

Captain Lord Hay is given command of HMS Tribune and sent back to the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



Captain of the Port of Balaclava

Dec 1854

Leopold Heath is made the Captain of the port of Balaclava

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Location: Balaklava



Roderick Dew joins HMS Geyser

Dec 12, 1854

Roderick Dew joins HMS Geyser in the Baltic

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Location: Baltic



Hewett is Given HMS Beagle

Dec 15, 1854

Command of HMS Beagle is given to Lieutenant William Hewett

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Location: Black sea



Dundas Returns From Crimea

Dec 17, 1854

James Dundas returns from Crimea to Britain

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Location: Crimea



Townsend Leaves the French Army

1855

Frederick Townsend Ward is allowed to resign from the French Army after being insubordinate to one of his superiors

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Location: Black sea



Principal Agent of Transports

Jan 1855

Leopold Heath becomes the Principal Agent of Transports in the Crimea

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Location: Balaklava



Leopold Heath Made Captain of HMS Seahorse

Jan 1855

Leopold Heath becomes Captain of HMS Seahorse

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Location: Black sea



Lieutenant Gordon Arrives in Balaklava

Jan 1855

Lieutenant Gordon arrives in Balaklava. He had originally been sent to Corfu, but kept sending letters to the War Office to be sent to the war until they finally relented.

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Location: Balaklava



HMS Valorous Goes to the Black Sea

1855

HMS Valorous is sent to the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



Hamilton Given HMS Diamond

Jan 15, 1855

Command of HMS Diamond is transferred to Captain Cospatrick Baillie Hamilton as Captain Peel was with the Naval Brigade

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Location: Crimea



Day is Given HMS Recruit

Feb 1855

Lieutenant George Day is given command of the gunboat HMS Recruit Day is given HMS Recruit

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Location: Black sea



Renkioi Hospital

Feb 1855

Isambard Kingdom Brunel begins designing the pre-fabricated Renkioi Hospital

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Location: Constantinople



Goodenough joins HMS Hastings

Feb 13, 1855

James Goodenough joins HMS Hastings under Captain James Crawford in the Baltic Sea

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Location: Baltic



Osborn is Given HMS Medusa

Feb 17, 1855

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of HMS Medusa in the Sea of Azov

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Location: sea of Azov



Osborn Transfers to HMS Vesuvius

Feb 17, 1855

Commander Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Vesuvius in the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



Commerell Commands HMS Weser

Feb 21, 1855

HMS Weser under the command of Commander John Edmund Commerell in the Sea of Azov

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Location: sea of Azov



Sanitary Commission Arrives in Scutari

Mar 1855

The Sanitary Commission arrives in Scutari in response to Florence Nightingale's letter to the Times. They flush out the sewers and improve ventilation. Combined with the improved hygiene measures brought in by Nightingale they reduce death rates from 42% to 2%.

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Location: Constantinople



Bythesea joins HMS Locust

Mar 12, 1855

John Bythesea joins HMS Locust in the Baltic

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Location: Baltic



John Sullivan Sets Up Aiming Point

Apr 10, 1855

John Sullivan as one of the gun captains on Greenhill Battery at Sevastopol. He volunteered to place a flagstaff on a mound to act as an aiming point, despite continuous fire from Russian sharpshooters. With the aim point in place the battery was able to fire at the concealed Russian guns.

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Location: Sevastopol



Sea of Azov Landing

May 29, 1855

Lieutenant Buckley of HMS Miranda, Lieutenant Burgoyne of HMS Swallow and gunner Robarts of HMS Ardent land on a beech where the Russian army had already arrived. They were too far from their ships for the ships to give covering fire, but they still managed to destroy the Russians stores of food and ammunition and then escape. All three were given the Victoria Cross for this action.

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Location: sea of Azov



Landing At Taganrog

Jun 03, 1855

Boatswain Cooper and Lieutenant Buckley of HMS Miranda land at Taganrog on the Sea of Azov while it was under fire. They managed to get into the town was garrisoned by 3,000 Russian troops and set fire to many government buildings and also destroyed enemy equipment and arms. Henry Cooper was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions.

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Location: sea of Azov



Edward Daniel Wounded

Jun 06, 1855

Midshipman Edward Daniel is slightly wounded while in the trenches at Sebastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



First Offensive on the Great Redan

Jun 06, 1855

first offensive on the Great Redan

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Location: Sevastopol



Fourth Bombardment on the Great Redan

Jun 17, 1855

The British bombard the Great Redan in order to silence the guns there in preparation for the assault on the next day

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Location: Sevastopol



Second Assault on the Great Redan

Jun 18, 1855

the naval brigade assaults the Great Redan, with several of them winning Victoria Crosses for their actions

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Location: Sevastopol



Captain Lyons is Mortally Wounded

Jun 18, 1855

Captain Lyons is mortally wounded when HMS Miranda engages with the batteries at Savastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



Captain Lyons Dies

Jun 23, 1855

Captain Lyons dies from the wounds that he sustained a few days before at Savastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



Napier Demands Enquiry

Jul 1855

Charles Napier refuses to be advanced to the Knight Grand cross of the Bath. Instead he demands an enquiry into his conduct in the Baltic. He had refused to attack the Russian fortresses of Sveaborg and Kronstadt due to not having suitable ships for such actions. The British press however decided to frame this as a lack of determination.

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Location: Britain



Burgoyne Transfers to HMS Wrangle

Jul 02, 1855

Lieutenant Burgoyne transfers from HMS Swallow to HMS Wrangler as their Lieutenant commander

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Location: Black sea



Seaman Trewavas Attacks Bridge

Jul 03, 1855

Seaman Trewavas is sent in a 4-oared gig to destroy a pontoon bridge in order to cut the Russians' main supply route. Seaman Trewavas sprang out of the gig as soon as it touched and started hacking at the hawsers holding the pontoons together under heavy Russian fire. The Russians managed to shoot him in the back, but despite this, he hacked the hawsers apart and jumped back in the gig as the pontoons started to drift apart. Trewavas was awarded the Victria Cross for his actions.

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Location: Black sea



Attack on Vibord

Jul 13, 1855

Boats from HMS Arrogant attack the Russian fort at Vibord.

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Location: Baltic



Raid on Sevastopol Harbour

Jul 15, 1855

Boatswain's Mate Sheppard sneaks a punt into Sevastopol harbour at night. He had a bomb with him to blow up on of the Russian ships. He managed to get passed the steamboats guarding the entrance of Careening Bay, but was prevented from getting further by a long string of boats carrying enemy troops.

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Location: Sevastopol



Leopold Heath is Knighted

Jul 25, 1855

Leopold Heath is Knighted as a Companion of the Bath

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Location: Black sea



Second Raid on Sevastopol Harbour

Aug 16, 1855

Boatswain's Mate Sheppard makes a second attempt to sneak into Sevastopol harbour in his punt. He is stopped again, but still wins a Victoria Cross for his attempts as they were boldly conceived and carried out in the face of great danger.

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Location: Sevastopol



Battle of the Chernaya

Aug 16, 1855

The Russian commander sent a note to his generals saying: "let's start it". He meant that they should start deploying. They thought that he meant they should attack. The right wing crossed the river, but without cavalry or artillery support they were stopped by the French. The commander on that side then feed his reserves slowly into the meat grinder that he had created before being killed himself. The left wing was wheeled around to help them, but by then the situation was hopeless and eventually the Russians were forced to withdraw.

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Location: Crimea



Osborn is Promoted to Captain

Aug 18, 1855

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Captain

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Location: Black sea



Landing From HMS Wrangler

Aug 31, 1855

Boatswain Kellaway of HMS Wrangler, with the mate and three seamen, was put ashore to burn some boats, fishing stations and haystacks on the opposite side of a small lake. They had nearly reached the spot when they were ambushed by 50 Russians. One man fell into their hands, but Mr. Kellaway and the two other seamen had escaped when the mate accidentally fell. Mr. Kellaway immediately returned to help him, but they were surrounded by the enemy and notwithstanding a gallant resistance by Mr. Kellaway they were taken prisoner.

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Location: Black sea