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China

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China

The Qing dynasty was spluttering was an end the and the Industrial Revolution had not yet begun inside China leaving what had been the world’s most powerful civilisation far behind Europe




Guan Tianpei is Born

1781

Guan Tianpei was born Shanyang county in Jiangsu province.

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Location: China



Lin Zexu is Born

Aug 30, 1785

Lin Zexu is born in Houguan. He was the son of another official of the Qing government, and quickly recognised as unusually intelligent.

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Location: China



Qishan is Born

Jan 18, 1786

Qishan is born into a noble Mongol family.

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Location: China



The Qianlong Emperor Abdicates

Oct 1795

Minning’s father Prince Yongyan ascends to the thrown of China as the Jiaqing Emperor after his father the Qianlong Emperor decides to abdicate.

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Location: China



Guan Tianpei joins the Military

1803

Guan Tianpei passes the imperial examination for military service

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Location: China



Qishan joins the Chinese Civil Service

1806

Qishan passes the examination into the Chinese Imperial Civil Service

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Location: China



Ye Mingchen Born

Dec 21, 1807

Ye was born in Hubei province the son of Ye Zhishen to a scholarly family.

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Location: China



Lin Zexu Enters the Hanlin Academy

1811

Lin Zexu passes the imperial examination and gains admission to the Hanlin Academy.

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Location: China



Sengge Rinchen is Born

Jul 24, 1811

Born in Inner Mongolia, Sengge Rinchen was a member of the Borjigin clan. This makes him a direct descendant of Genghis Khan's brother Qasar.

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Location: China



Qishan Becomes Provincial Governor

1819

Qishan becomes provincial governor of Henan Province

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Location: China



Xiao Chaogui is Born

1820

Xiao Chaogui is born

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Location: China



The Daoguang Emperor is Enthroned

Sep 02, 1820

The Jiaqing Emperor dies and Minning ascends to the thrown as the Daoguang Emperor at age 38.

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Location: China



Qin Rigang is Born

1821

Qin Rigang is born

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Location: China



Yang Xiuqing is Born

Sep 23, 1821

Yang Xiuqing is born

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Location: China



Wei Changhui is Born

1823

Wei Changhui is born

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Location: China



Jahangir Khoja Starts His Revolt

May 1826

A revolt breaks under Jahangir Khoja in Kashgaria. He quickly increased his forces from a small band of mountain fighters to an army of 200000. They took control of Kashgar, Yarkand, Khotan and Yangihissar and annihilated the Qing garrisons in these cities.

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Location: China



Guan Tianpei is Commissioned

1827

Guan Tianpei is commissioned as an army officer in Susong county in Jiangnan

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Location: China



The Daoguang Emperor Assembles An Army

Sep 1827

The Daoguang Emperor assembles an army of 70000 to suppress the rebellion.

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Location: China



The Qing Army Moves Into Jahangir Khoja

Jan 1828

The Qing army moves into Jahangir Khoja in order to put down the revolt there. The Qing empire wons a decisive victory against the rebels under Jahangir Khoja on the banks of the Human River north of Kashgar, despite being heavily outnumbered.

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Location: China



Jahangir Khoja Captured And Executed

Jan 29, 1828

Jahangir Khoja escapes into the mountains, which enrages the Daoguang Emperor. He demands that the rebel is captured so that he cannot ferment another rebellion later. They manage to capture him through trickery, by getting a former allie to send him a letter that made him think that the Qing troops had been withdrawn and he could retake Kashgar, but this was a trap. He was ambushed, captured and taken to Peking where he was executed.

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Location: China



Shi Dakai is Born

Feb 01, 1831

Shi Dakai is born

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Location: China



Guan Tianpei Goes to Jiangnan

1833

Guan Tianpei is assigned to the military commander of the Jiangnan area

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Location: China



Nie Shicheng is Born

1836

Nie Shicheng is born

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Location: China



Osborn joins the Navy

Sep 30, 1837

Sherard Osborn joins the Royal Navy as a First Class Volunteer in HMS Hyacinth in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Ye Mingchen joins the Civil Service

1838

Ye Mingchen joins the civil service as prefect of Xing'an in Shannxi province, and begins his rise through the ranks

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Location: China



Dong Fuxiang is Born

Jan 08, 1839

Dong Fuxiang is born

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Location: China



The Daoguang Emperor Cracks Down on Opium

Mar 18, 1839

The Daoguang Emperor issues an edict about new penalties for opium smuggling.

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Location: China



Gordon Bremer Becomes C in C in China

Nov 1839

Rear-Admiral Frederick Maitland dies and is replaced by Gordon Bremer as the commander-in-chief of the British forces in China.

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Location: China



Osborn Transfers to HMS Volage

Dec 18, 1839

Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Volage as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Osborn Transfers Back to HMS Hyacinth

Jul 15, 1840

Sherard Osborn transfers back to HMS Hyacinth as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Nicholas Tomlinson Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

Nov 23, 1841

Major Nicholas Tomlinson is promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

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Location: China



Hay is Posted to HMS Vestal

1842

Lord John Hay is posted to HMS Vestal on the China station

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Location: China



The British Capture Chapu

May 18, 1842

The british capture Chapu. Many Chinese only surrendered after their defences had been breached and their enclosures set on fire by rockets. During the assault, nine British soldiers and sailors were killed and 55 wounded. One of the dead was Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas Tomlinson, commander of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment.

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Location: China



Osborn Transfers to HMS Columbine

May 19, 1842

Midshipman Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Columbine in China

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Location: China



Shanghai Captured

Jun 19, 1842

Shanghai captured by Gough and Admiral Sir William Parker

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Location: China



Chinkiang is Captured

Jul 21, 1842

Chinkiang is captured. The military commander of the city, Hai-lin, ordered his own house to be set alight and burned to death rather than surrender.

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Location: China



The Chinese Request Peace

Aug 17, 1842

The Chinese request peace with the British ending the war

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Location: China



The Treaty of Nanking

Aug 29, 1842

The Treaty of Nanking is signed on board HMS Cornwallis. This treaty allowed the British to carry on their mercantile transactions with whatever persons they please and opened the Treaty Ports of Guangzhou, Amoy, Foochow, Shanghai and Ningpo to all traders. It also gave the island of Hong Kong to the British.

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Location: China



Harry Parkes Becomes Clerk to Karl Gutzlaff

Sep 1842

Harry Parkes becomes clerk to Karl Gutzlaff on the British occupied island of Chusan near Shanghai

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Location: China



Patey joins HMS Wolverene

Mar 18, 1843

Lieutenant Patey is transferred to HMS Wolverene in the East Indies

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Location: China



Lin Zexu Becomes Governor-General of Shaan-Gan

1845

Lin Zexu is appointed Governor-General of Shaan-Gan (Shaanxi-Gansu)

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Location: China



Patey joins HMS Agincourt

Apr 01, 1845

Lieutenant Patey is transferred to HMS Agincourt under the command of Henry Bruce. HMS Agincourt was at that time the the flagship of Rear-Admiral Thomas John Cochrane on the East Indies station

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Location: China



Hay is Promoted to Lieutenant

Dec 19, 1846

Lord John Hay is promoted to Lieutenant

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Location: China



Lin Zexu Becomes Governor-General of Yun-Gui

1847

Lin Zexu is appointed governor-General of Yun-Gui (Yunnan-Guizhou)

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Location: China



Lord Hay Transfers to HMS Spiteful

Jan 15, 1847

Lord John Hay transfers to HMS Spiteful and is sent to the East Indies

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Location: China



Hong Xiuquan Finds Feng Yunshan

Aug 27, 1847

Hong Xiuquan finds Feng Yunshan and his group of followers at Thistle Mountain

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Location: China



Feng Yunshan is Arrested

Jan 1848

Feng Yunshan is arrested and banished to Guangdong. Hong Xiuquan follows him there.

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Location: China



Ye Mingchen Becomes Governor of Guangdon

1848

Ye Mingchen becomes Governor of Guangdon at the start of the Taiping Rebellion. Due to a mistake in translation the Treaty of Nanking read differently in English and Chinese. In the English version traders were allowed to live in Guangzhou, but in the Chinese version they were only allowed to stay on their ships in the harbour. Ye kept to the Chinese version of the treaty, even though this caused friction with the European merchants who wanted to follow the version in English.

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Location: China



Yang Xiuqing Takes Over God Worshippers

Apr 1848

Yang Xiuqing takes over God Worshippers after Hong Xiuquan follows Feng Yunshan into exile

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Location: China



Lyons Transfers to HMS Pilot

Jun 07, 1848

Commander Lyons transfers to HMS Pilot in the East Indies

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Location: China



Shi Dakai joins the Movement

1849

Shi Dakai seeks out Hong Xiuquan to join their movement

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Location: China



Lyons is Promoted to Captain

Oct 04, 1849

Edmund Lyons is promoted to Captain

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Location: China



Feng Yunshan Calls for Revolt

1850

Feng Yunshan becomes the first leader of the God Worshipers to call for revolt.

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Location: China



Charles Austen is Made C in C of the East Indies

Jan 14, 1850

Rear-Admiral Charles Austen is made commander-in-chief of the East Indies and China Station

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Location: China



Lin Zexu Dies

Nov 22, 1850

Lin Zexu dies in Guangdong

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Location: China



Attack on Jintian

Dec 1850

Hong Xiuquan, Wei Changhui and Feng Yunshan lead 10000-strong rebel army route Qing forces stationed in Jintian

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Location: China



Roderick Dew joins HMS Encounter

Dec 12, 1850

Roderick Dew joins HMS Encounter at Chinese station

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Location: China



Hong Xiuquan Becomes Heavenly King

Jan 11, 1851

Hong Xiuquan declares himself Heavenly King of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace. He names Xiao Chaogui the commander in chief of the Taiping army.

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Location: China



Yang Xiuqing Becomes Eastern King

Apr 1851

Yang Xiuqing is declared Eastern King of the Heavenly Kingdom

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Location: China



Xiao Chaogui Wounded At Changsha

Aug 1851

Xiao Chaogui is wounded while leading a small force against the city of Changsha. Xiao Chaogui had decided to direct his troops while wearing his official robes with a large banner over his head telling everybody who he was. One of the defending gunners sees this and shoots him with a cannon.

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Location: China



Xiao Chaogui Dies

Sep 1851

Xiao Chaogui dies of his wounds

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Location: China



Wei Changhui Becomes Northern King

Dec 04, 1851

Hong Xiuquan declares Wei Changhui the Northern King. He then names Xiao Chaogui the West King.

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Location: China



Ye Mingchen Becomes Viceroy of Liangguang

1852

Ye Mingchen becomes Viceroy of Liangguang as a reward for his success in keeping the British out of Guangzhou. This made him the highest ranking official with relations with the European powers.

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Location: China



Feng Yunshan Dies

Jun 10, 1852

Feng Yunshan dies

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Location: China



Qishan Dies

Aug 03, 1854

Qishan dies

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Location: China



Townsend Sailing Chinese Coast

1855

Frederick Townsend Ward is working as the First Mate on the steamship Antelope operating along the Chinese coast

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Location: China



Shi Dakai Arrives At Hukou

Dec 1855

Shi Dakai arrives at Hukou and begins harassing the Qing forces. He uses hidden dams to divide the Qing fleet so that he can defeat them in detail. He leads a series of successful attacks, which almost brings the opposing commander to commit suicide.

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Location: China



Execution of Chapdelaine

Feb 25, 1856

Auguste Chapdelaine was a French Catholic missionary working in China. He continued his mission despite personal threats and on the 25th of February 1856 he was arrested and accused of stirring up insurrection. When he refused to pay a bribe he was sentence to death by beheading, but died from this treatment before this could happen. On the 29th his head was cut off and hung from a tree. He would later be declared a Catholic Martyr.

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Location: China



Hamilton joins HMS Haughty

Feb 28, 1856

Lieutenant-Commander Hamilton joins HMS Haughty and is sent to China

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Location: China



Qin Rigang Defeats Xiang Rong

May 1856

Qin Rigang defeats Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong

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Location: China



Xiang Rong is Defeated Again

Jun 20, 1856

The forces under Xiang Rong is defeated again. This defeat results in the lifting of the three year siege of Tianjing

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Location: China



Yang Xiuqing Defends Nanjing

Aug 1856

Yang Xiuqing defeats the Qing troops surrounding Nanjing

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Location: China



Arthur Wilson Goes to China

Sep 1856

Arthur Wilson is transferred to HMS Raleigh on the China Station

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Location: China



Goodenough joins HMS Raleigh

Sep 04, 1856

James Goodenough joins HMS Raleigh. HMS Raleigh will strike an uncharted rock near Macaw on its way to China and sink.

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Location: China



Goodenough joins HMS Alligator

Sep 04, 1856

James Goodenough joins HMS Alligator in the chinese station

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Location: China