Canada
Canada

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Canada

Canada




Campbell is Promoted to Captain

Nov 03, 1813

Colin Campbell is promoted to Captain in 7th Battalion 60th (Royal American) Regiment and sent to Canada

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Location: Canada



Thomas Abernethy Goes Whaling

1819

Thomas Abernethy becomes a Greenhand on the Hannibal, a whaling ship hunting bowhead whales around the east coast of Greenland.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Arrives in Canada

Aug 30, 1819

Franklin and his expedition arrive at York Factory in Canada

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Location: Canada



Franklin Goes to Fort Chipewyan

Jan 1820

Franklin sets out into the pine forests to Fort Chipewyan in order to hire men with experience of exploring Canada, as he had none. They had no tents and had to sleep on the ground covered in blankets. It was so cold that the mercury in their thermometers froze and they were even grateful for snowfall as the snow on their blankets would add extra insulation and make it less cold.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Arrives At Fort Chipewyan

Mar 1820

Franklin arrives at Fort Chipewyan and tries to buy supplies and recruit voyageurs, only to find that there was little food and none of the better voyageurs wanted to go with him.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Leaves Fort Chipewyan

Jul 1820

Franklin leaves Fort Chipewyan for the Great Slave Lake. It takes them 10 days to reach Old Fort Providence on its northern shore where they meet with Akaitcho the leader of the Yellowknives First Nation. Akaitcho agreed that some of the people from his nation would act as guides for the expedition and take them as far as the Inuit lands.

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Location: Canada



Mutiny

Jun 04, 1821

After a near mutiny during the winter when the expedition almost ran out of food, Franklin heads north again with a vague plan of trying to meet up with the Parry expedition that was trying to find the Northeast Passage by sea.

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Location: Canada



Winter Settles on the Coppermine Expedition

Sep 07, 1821

The Coppermine Expedition’s supplies were exhausted as winter settled in. They were forced to eat lichen, and even boil up their boots to eat the leather. The voyageurs became mutinous again, and the only that prevented them from simply walking away was that they did not know the way to get home.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Coppermine River

Sep 26, 1821

Franklin reaches the Coppermine river, but without their canoes they have no way to cross it.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Crosses the Coppermine River

Oct 04, 1821

Franklin and his party manage to cross the Coppermine river using a makeshift one man canoe built by Pierre St Germain. He crosses first taking line with him that everybody else uses to haul themselves across in his canoe.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches Fort Enterpise

Oct 12, 1821

Franklin reaches Fort Enterpise, only to find that the supplies that he had expected had never been delivered. By this point the entire party was starving and on the point of giving up hope of every reaching home.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Suspects Terohaute of Murder

Oct 20, 1821

By now the expedition had split in two with Franklin in the slower party. Richardson and Hepburn were in the other party. As they were foraging, they heard a shot from the camp. They found Hood dead, and Terohaute standing with a gun in his hand. They suspected that he had already killed and eaten three other men from the party, but there was nothing that they could do at this point as he was stronger than they were and armed.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Shoots Terohaute

Oct 23, 1821

Terohaute goes to forage for lichen. Richardson took the opportunity to load his pistol, and on Terohaute's return, shot him dead.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Reaches Fort Enterpise

Oct 29, 1821

Richardson and Hepburn reach Fort Enterpise and found the men there barely able to move.

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Location: Canada



The Coppermine Expedition is Rescued

Nov 07, 1821

The Franklin expedition is rescued by the Yellowknives, one of the Canadian First Nations. Three men arrive with food, and then got more by fishing.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches Cumberland Hous

Jun 15, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Cumberland House on the Saskatchewan River, and heads up to the Methye Portage.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches the Methye Port

Jun 29, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition picks up their equipment at the Methye Portage. This had come by a different route to Franklin and his officers, having travelled from York Factory on the Hudson Bay up the Hayes River.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River

Aug 03, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the headwaters of the Mackenzie River and begin to follow it down to the Arctic Ocean

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Location: Canada



Liard River

Aug 04, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the point that the Mackenzie River joins the Liard River.

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Location: Canada



Fort Norman

Aug 07, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Fort Norman

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Location: Canada



Franklin Splits His Team

Aug 08, 1825

Franklin splits his team. He sends most of them to Great Bear Lake to set up their winter quarters, while he continues to the mouth of the Mackenzie with Edward Kendall in order to perform an initial exploration.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches Fort Franklin

Sep 05, 1825

Franklin and Kendall join up with the rest of the Mackenzie river expedition at Fort Franklin. They all spend an uneventful winter there and gather a large number of fish as food for the winter.

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Location: Canada



Survey of the Great Bear Lake

Apr 10, 1826

Richardson and Kendall head out to survey the coastline of the Great Bear Lake

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Location: Canada



Great Bear Lake Survey Finished

May 01, 1826

Richardson and Kendall finish their survey of the Great Bear Lake and return to Fort Franklin and the rejoin the rest of the Mackenzie River Expedition.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Heads for the Coast

May 23, 1826

The ice on the Great Bear Lake starts to break up and the Mackenzie River Expedition begins preparations to head back to the coast.

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Location: Canada



HMS Erebus Launched

Jun 07, 1826

HMS Erebus was launched. She was a a Hecla-class bomb vessel armed with two mortars and 10 guns.

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Head for Great Bear Lake

Aug 10, 1826

Richardson and Kendall starts the overland trek back towards the Great Bear Lake.

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Reach the Dease River

Aug 15, 1826

Richardson and Kendall encounter a group of First Nations people who led them to the headwaters of Dease River

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Reaches the Great Bear Lake

Aug 18, 1826

Richardson and Kendall reaches the Great Bear Lake

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Return to Fort Franklin

Sep 01, 1826

Richardson and Kendall return to Fort Franklin

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Location: Canada



Franklin And Back Reach Mackenzie

Sep 04, 1826

Franklin and Back reach the point that the two parties had split earlier that year.

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Location: Canada



Franklin And Back Return to Fort Franklin

Sep 21, 1826

Franklin and Back return to Fort Franklin. Franklin is worried that they do not have enough stores at Fort Franklin to make it through the winter, and so he despatches Kendall to Fort Norman in order to get more supplies.

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Location: Canada



Kendall Returns With Supplies

Oct 08, 1826

Kendall returns to Fort Franklin with supplies from Fort Norman

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Location: Canada



Franklin Heads Home

Feb 20, 1827

Franklin decides to depart from Fort Franklin on a sledge before the ice breaks up. He takes all of the expedition's charts, journals, and drawings.

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Location: Canada



William Hall is Born

Apr 28, 1827

William Edward Hall is born in Nova Scotia. His parents had been slaves in the USA who escaped to Canada thanks to the Royal Navy during the war of 1812

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Location: Canada



George Back Leaves Britain

Feb 01, 1833

George Back leaves Britain in order to try and find the John Ross expedition as nothing had been heard from it since it left in 1829.

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Location: Canada



Back Receives a Letter About John Ross

Mar 1834

George Back receives a package of letters that tell him that the John Ross expedition which he had been looking for was now safely back in Britain. These letters also contain orders that his mission has changed and he is to explore the coast from the area that Ross had mapped at King William Island to the area that he himself had mapped with Franklin on the Coppermine River expedition.

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Location: Canada



George Back Sets Out on His Exploration Mission

Jun 07, 1834

George Back sets out on his exploration mission

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Location: Canada



George Back Reaches Back River

Jul 28, 1834

George Back reaches Back River, known to the local Inuit people as the Great Fish River.

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Location: Canada



George Back Reaches Fort Reliance

Sep 27, 1834

George Back reaches Fort Reliance

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Location: Canada



George Back Returns to Britain

Sep 08, 1835

George Back returns to Britain

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Location: Canada



HMS Terror Reaches the Hudson Strait

Aug 1836

HMS Terror reaches the Hudson Strait. She enters the Frozen Strait were she is trapped in the ice. At one point the pressure of the ice pushes her 40 feet up a cliff, and it is only her extremely strong construction that allows her to survive.

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Location: Canada



Webster–Ashburton Treaty

Aug 09, 1842

a treaty that resolved several border issues between the United States and Canada

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Location: Canada



Louis Riel is Born

Oct 22, 1844

Louis Riel is born

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Location: Canada



Franklin Expedition Reaches Baffin Bay

Jul 1845

Two whalers encounter the Franklin Expedition in Baffin Bay. They will be the last europeans to ever set eyes on them.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Expedition Winters At Beechey Island

1846

After waiting out the winter on Beechey Island, where three crew members died and were buried, the expedition sets off down Peel Sound. They get as far as King William Island before getting trapped in the ice.

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Location: Canada



The Franklin Expedition Leaves a Note

May 28, 1847

The Franklin Expedition leaves a note at Victory Point

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Location: Canada



Sir John Franklin Dies

Jun 11, 1847

Sir John Franklin dies on board his ship. James Fitzjames becomes Captain of HMS Erebus in his place

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Location: Canada



HMS Erebus And HMS Terror Are Abandoned

Apr 22, 1848

HMS Erebus and HMS Terror are abandoned by their crew after years of being trapped in the ice.

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Location: Canada



Fitzjames And Crozier Leave a Letter

Apr 25, 1848

Fitzjames and Crozier leave a letter on King William Island

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Location: Canada



Fitzjames And Crozier Set Off for the Mainland

Apr 26, 1848

Fitzjames and Crozier set off for the Back River on the Canadian mainland, taking the surviving crew of HMS Terror and HMS Erebus with them. Only 30 or 40 men will actually make it to the mainland.

Fitzjames and Crozier set off for the mainland

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Rae Get to the Methy Portage

Jun 28, 1848

Richardson and Rae meet up with the advance party at Methy Portage and then the entire group continues along the Slave River to Great Slave Lake.

Richardson and Rae get to the Methy Portage

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Rae Reach Fort Resolution

Jul 17, 1848

Richardson and Rae reach Fort Resolution on the Great Slave Lake, the source of the Mackenzie River.

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Rae Constructs Fort Confidence

Sep 15, 1848

The Richardson-Rae expedition begins to construct their winter quarters at Fort Confidence, and gather the stores that they will need to get though the winter. They have already talked to many of the native people of the region, but so far none of them has seen anybody form the Franklin Expedition that they are looking for. Most have not seen any europeans since the Ross Expedition in 1826

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Location: Canada



HMS North Star Sails for the Artic

1849

HMS North Star sails for the artic in order to try and find the Franklin Expedition

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Location: Canada



Richardson Leaves for Britain

May 07, 1849

Richardson sets out form Fort Confidence for Britain

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Location: Canada



Rae Starts His Exploration

Jun 07, 1849

Rae sets out with a party of 6 men, including two Cree and an Iunk

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Location: Canada



Rae Reaches Open Water

Jul 14, 1849

Rae reaches open water near Point Mackenzie.

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Location: Canada



Rae Reaches Back’S Inlet

Jul 16, 1849

Rae reaches Back’s Inlet. They spend three days with an Inuit group there as they map the area, but nobody has seen any europeans in years or knows anything about the Franklin Expedition.

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Location: Canada



Rae Decides to Return to Fort Confidence

Aug 23, 1849

Rae’s progress is halted by pack ice and they decide to return to Fort Confidence with enough time to gather food for the winter.

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Location: Canada



Rae Returns to Fort Confidence

Aug 31, 1849

Rae returns to Fort Confidence having travelled back across land having lost their boat at Bloody Falls along with one of the men, an Inuk called Albert One-eye. He will use Fort Confidence as his base for the next few years while he continues to map the area and search for the Franklin Expedition.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Returns to Liverpool

Nov 06, 1849

Richardson returns to Liverpool

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Location: Canada



Osborn Transfers to HMS Pioneer

Feb 28, 1850

Lieutenant Osborn transfers to HMS Pioneer searching for the Franklin expedition

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Location: Canada



HMS North Star Finally Breaks Free of the Ice

Aug 1850

HMS North Star finally breaks free of the ice that had trapped it that winter. She left several caches of stores around the Canadian coast for future artic explorers and then headed back to Britain.

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Location: Canada



William Hall joins the Navy

Feb 1852

William Hall joins the Royal Navy on HMS Rodney

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Location: Canada



Hamilton joins HMS Resolute

Feb 16, 1852

Lieutenant Hamilton joins HMS Resolute in the search for Sir John Franklins' ill-fated 1845 North-West Passage expedition

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Location: Canada



Osborn is Promoted to Commander

Oct 30, 1852

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Commander while searching for the Franklin Expedition

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Location: Canada



Rae Discovers Items From the Franklin Expedition

1853

Rae meets a group of Inuit during his survey of Boothia who were in possession of a number of items that had to have come from the Franklin Expedition. He buys as much as he can, and talks to all of the people to try and find out what happened to the expedition.

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Location: Canada



Wyatt Rawson Born

Aug 27, 1853

Born the youngest son of Christopher Rawson and Ellen Frances in Canada.

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Location: Canada



Osborn Transfers to HMS North Star

Jun 01, 1854

Commander Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS North Star in the Arctic

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Location: Canada



John Rae's Letter

Jul 29, 1854

John Rae sends a letter about the Franklin Expedition

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Location: Canada



Commission to Examine Canadian Defences

1862

John Bythesea serves on the Commission to examine Canadian defences

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Location: Canada



Garnet Wolseley Promoted to Colonel

Jun 05, 1865

Garnet Wolseley returns to Canada and is given the rank of Colonel

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Location: Canada



PS Great Eastern Reaches Newfoundland

Sep 07, 1866

Great Eastern reaches Newfoundland. There are now two working telegraph cables across the Atlantic, both of which were laid by the PS Great Eastern. She will go on to lay five more cables across the Atlantic, and and one across the Indian Ocean.

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Location: Canada



Garnet Wolseley Marries

1867

Garnet Wolseley marries Louisa

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Location: Canada