Arctic
Arctic

The Bluejackets Locations Arctic

Arctic

Arctic




The Parry Expedition

1819

James Ross Clark and Francis Crozier are both Lieutenants during Sir William Parry’s arctic expeditions.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Reaches the Arctic Sea

Jul 14, 1821

Franklin first sights the Arctic Sea. They meet their first Inuit camp a few days later and their Yellowknives guides leave for home as agreed. A quarter of the voyageurs go with them.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Heads Home

Aug 22, 1821

Having mapped 500 miles of the Canadian coast Franklin decides to head for home, however they cannot go the way that they had come because rough weather had damaged their canoes too badly. This means that they had to use the Hood River route, which involved another trek across unknown territory.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Reaches the Mackenzie Delta

Aug 13, 1825

Franklin and Kendall reach the delta of the Mackenzie river. and begin to survey it, but have difficulty because frequent fog prevents them from using their sextant. They then travel back up the Mackenzie river to the fort, Fort Franklin, that the other party had build as their winter quarters on the Great Bear Lake.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Mackenzie River Expedition Heads to the Arctic

Jun 20, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition heads down the Mackenzie River to the Artic Ocean. Once they reach the mouth of the river they plan to split the expedition in two, with one team heading west and the other heading east in order to map the maximum amount of the coast before returning to Fort Franklin before the winter.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Mackenzie River Expedition Splits

Jul 04, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the coast and splits in two teams. Franklin and Back led one team heading west. Kendall and Richardson led the other team heading east.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Richardson And Kendall Reach Open Water

Jul 07, 1826

Richardson and Kendall exit the Mackenzie delta and reach open water

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Meet An Inuit Group

Jul 09, 1826

Franklin and Back meet an Inuit group. Franklin mentioned that they all appear in excellent health, although nearly all of them suffered from some degree of snowblindness.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach the Babbage River

Jul 15, 1826

Franklin and Back reach the Babbage River

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach Herschel Island

Jul 17, 1826

Franklin and Back reach Herschel Island and meet some more Inuit

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach Alaska

Jul 30, 1826

Franklin and Back reach what is now Alaska

Edit

Location: Arctic



Richardson Sees Wollaston Land

Aug 04, 1826

Richardson spots a large landmass to the north and calls it Wollaston Land. We now know that this was the southern end of Victoria Island.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Richardson And Kendall the Coppermine River

Aug 08, 1826

Richardson and Kendall reaches the mouth of the Coppermine River. They travel up river to the Bloody Falls, but they do not think that they can get any further by boat.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Turns Back

Aug 16, 1826

Franklin and Back decide to turn back towards Fort Franklin as summer was coming to an end. They had not realised that at this point they were merely 6 days journey from another expedition that was travelling east from Alaska.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Meets Inuit

Aug 29, 1826

Franklin and Back were told by a group of Inuit that they had seen Richardson’s party returning to the mouth of the Mackenzie River, and that there were hostile groups hunting for them that planned to steal all of their equipment.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Into the Unknown

Aug 06, 1829

James Ross reaches the point that where he had been forced to turn back on the expedition that he had taken part in 10 years before.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Sir John Ross Reaches Fury Beach

Aug 13, 1829

The John Ross expedition reaches Fury Beach where Parry had abandoned his ship. There was no sign of the ship itself, but there were still heaps of stores on the beach. They took some of these stores and continued north.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Ross Reaches Felix Harbour

Sep 1829

The James Ross expedition moors in Felix Harbour for to wait out the winter.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Netsilik Visit Sir James Ross

Jan 1830

They are visited by a group of Netsilik Inuit. The ship’s carpenter makes a wooden leg for one of them. The Inuit trade food and information.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Clark Ross Reaches Boothia

Apr 09, 1830

James Clark Ross reaches the west side of Boothia Peninsula as part of a number of trips over the ice that he had been making to chart the area.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Clark Ross Returns

Jun 13, 1831

James Clark Ross, Abernethy, and the rest of the party return to HMS Victory. After a month on the ice they are said to look like human skeletons.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Ross Reaches the Magnetic North Pole

Jul 01, 1831

A party from HMS Victory including Abernethy and James Ross reach the magnetic north Pole.

Edit

Location: Arctic



HMS Victory Gets Free of the Ice

Aug 1831

HMS Victory gets free of the ice, but is only able to move 4 miles before getting trapped again at Victoria Harbour.

Edit

Location: Arctic



HMS Victory Trapped in Ice

Jan 1832

Sir James Ross decide that HMS Victory is not going to get free and they will need another plan.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Clark Ross Departs HMS Victory

May 29, 1832

James Clark Ross departs HMS Victory with Abernethy over the ice to try and get to Fury Beach in order to find out if the boats and supplies that they had seen on their way out were still there.

Edit

Location: Arctic



James Clark Ross Returns to HMS Victory

Jun 08, 1832

James Clark Ross returns from Fury Beach and lets the rest of the expedition know that the boats are still there and repairable.

Edit

Location: Arctic



HMS Victory Crew Reaches Fury Beach

Jul 01, 1832

The entire party from HMS Victory reaches Fury beach. They construct a shelter from the remaining timbers of Fury and then start repairing the boats there.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Expedition Sets Off in Boats

Aug 01, 1832

The expedition sets off in boats in the hope of finding a whaler that will take them back to Britain.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Expedition Leaves Batty Bay

Jul 08, 1833

The expedition leaves Batty Bay

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Expedition Finally Reaches Open Water

Aug 14, 1833

The expedition finally reaches open water

Edit

Location: Arctic



Jame Ross is Picked Up By Isabella

Aug 26, 1833

The expedition is picked up by Isabella, the ship that John Ross had commanded on his 1819 expedition.

Edit

Location: Arctic



George Back Reaches Chantrey Inlet

Jul 23, 1834

George Back reaches salt water at the Chantrey Inlet. They explore the area and see King William Island but decide that going any further would be too great a risk and therefore turn back.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Hamilton is Rated as Mate

1850

Richard Hamilton is rated as Mate in HMS Assistance. This ship was commanded by Erasmus Ommanney and part of Horatio Thomas Austen's squadron searching for Sir John Franklin

Edit

Location: Arctic



HMS Resolute is Abandoned

Sep 16, 1855

HMS Resolute is abandoned at Dealy Island

more

Edit

Location: Arctic



Wyatt Transfers to HMS Alert

Aug 26, 1875

HMS Discovery was exploring the Artic with HMS Alert. Discovery decided to wait out the winter in Lady Franklin Bay, while Alert decided it would try to push further north. Rawson volunteered to travel with the Alert, and then sledge back to Discovery once winter set in so that both would know where the other was. However, the winter proved too hard and he was forced to overwinter on board Alert.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Wyatt Rawson Travels By Sledge

Mar 12, 1876

Lt. Rawson starts to sledge for HMS Discovery once the the worst of the winter was over. Despite their Danish dog-driver Peterson almost sucumbing to frostbite during the journey they managed to get from Alert back to Discovery, and then return.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Pole Attempt From HMS Alert

Apr 03, 1876

The second-in-command of HMS Alert, Albert Hastings Markham, took a party north by sledge to attempt the Pole.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Hastings Markham's Returns

May 11, 1876

Lt Markham, the second in command of HMS Alert, was trying to reach the pole by sledge. Having made slow progress, they reached their greatest latitude at 83° 20' 26"N. Suffering from snow blindness, scurvy and exhaustion, they turned back.

Edit

Location: Arctic