sir john Franklin

The Bluejackets All Officer

sir john Franklin

Sir John Franklin




Sir John Franklin is Born

Apr 16, 1786

Sir john Franklin is born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire as the ninth of twelve children.

Edit

Location: Britain



John Franklin Goes to Sea

1798

John Franklin signs on as a Volunteer on a merchant ship at age 12, despite his father’s misgivings, after showing an interest in a naval career.

Edit

Location: Britain



John Franklin joins the Navy

Mar 1800

John Franklin joins the Royal Navy as a Volunteer on board HMS Polyphemus. Polyphemus was at sea at the time so he had to wait until she returned to port in the autumn before he could actually join his ship.

Edit

Location: Britain



Battle of Copenhagen

Apr 02, 1801

John Franklin took part in the Battle of Copenhagen on board HMS Polyphemus as part of Nelson’s squadron.

Edit

Location: Europe



Battle of Trafalgar

Oct 21, 1805

John Franklin took part in the Battle of Trafalgar as a Midshipman on board HMS Bellerophon.

Edit

Location: Europe



The Coppermine Expedition Leaves

May 23, 1819

The Coppermine Expedition sails from Gravesend under John Franklin. He has George Back with him for surveying and chart making, and John Richardson as their surgeon. They travel on board a Hudson’s Bay Company ship. As soon as they get to Canada the first of their supply problems materialised as neither the Hudson Bay Company, nor the Northwest Company, was able to provide any of the supplies that they had promised.

Edit

Location: Britain



Franklin Arrives in Canada

Aug 30, 1819

Franklin and his expedition arrive at York Factory in Canada

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Goes to Fort Chipewyan

Jan 1820

Franklin sets out into the pine forests to Fort Chipewyan in order to hire men with experience of exploring Canada, as he had none. They had no tents and had to sleep on the ground covered in blankets. It was so cold that the mercury in their thermometers froze and they were even grateful for snowfall as the snow on their blankets would add extra insulation and make it less cold.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Arrives At Fort Chipewyan

Mar 1820

Franklin arrives at Fort Chipewyan and tries to buy supplies and recruit voyageurs, only to find that there was little food and none of the better voyageurs wanted to go with him.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Leaves Fort Chipewyan

Jul 1820

Franklin leaves Fort Chipewyan for the Great Slave Lake. It takes them 10 days to reach Old Fort Providence on its northern shore where they meet with Akaitcho the leader of the Yellowknives First Nation. Akaitcho agreed that some of the people from his nation would act as guides for the expedition and take them as far as the Inuit lands.

Edit

Location: Canada



Mutiny

Jun 04, 1821

After a near mutiny during the winter when the expedition almost ran out of food, Franklin heads north again with a vague plan of trying to meet up with the Parry expedition that was trying to find the Northeast Passage by sea.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Arctic Sea

Jul 14, 1821

Franklin first sights the Arctic Sea. They meet their first Inuit camp a few days later and their Yellowknives guides leave for home as agreed. A quarter of the voyageurs go with them.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Heads Home

Aug 22, 1821

Having mapped 500 miles of the Canadian coast Franklin decides to head for home, however they cannot go the way that they had come because rough weather had damaged their canoes too badly. This means that they had to use the Hood River route, which involved another trek across unknown territory.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Winter Settles on the Coppermine Expedition

Sep 07, 1821

The Coppermine Expedition’s supplies were exhausted as winter settled in. They were forced to eat lichen, and even boil up their boots to eat the leather. The voyageurs became mutinous again, and the only that prevented them from simply walking away was that they did not know the way to get home.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Coppermine River

Sep 26, 1821

Franklin reaches the Coppermine river, but without their canoes they have no way to cross it.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Crosses the Coppermine River

Oct 04, 1821

Franklin and his party manage to cross the Coppermine river using a makeshift one man canoe built by Pierre St Germain. He crosses first taking line with him that everybody else uses to haul themselves across in his canoe.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches Fort Enterpise

Oct 12, 1821

Franklin reaches Fort Enterpise, only to find that the supplies that he had expected had never been delivered. By this point the entire party was starving and on the point of giving up hope of every reaching home.

Edit

Location: Canada



The Coppermine Expedition is Rescued

Nov 07, 1821

The Franklin expedition is rescued by the Yellowknives, one of the Canadian First Nations. Three men arrive with food, and then got more by fishing.

Edit

Location: Canada



The Coppermine Expedition Returns to Britain

Oct 1822

The expedition returns to Britain. Despite his expedition being a complete failure Franklin is lauded as a hero for struggling in the face of such adversity.

Edit

Location: Britain



Franklin is Promoted to Captain

Nov 20, 1822

Franklin is promoted to Captain and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society

Edit

Location: Britain



Mackenzie River Expedition

Feb 16, 1825

Franklin, George Back, John Richardson and Edward Kendall leave Liverpool on the Mackenzie River Expedition, their second exploration expedition into the Arctic.

Edit

Location: Liverpool



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches Cumberland Hous

Jun 15, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Cumberland House on the Saskatchewan River, and heads up to the Methye Portage.

Edit

Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches the Methye Port

Jun 29, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition picks up their equipment at the Methye Portage. This had come by a different route to Franklin and his officers, having travelled from York Factory on the Hudson Bay up the Hayes River.

Edit

Location: Canada



Mackenzie River

Aug 03, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the headwaters of the Mackenzie River and begin to follow it down to the Arctic Ocean

Edit

Location: Canada



Liard River

Aug 04, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the point that the Mackenzie River joins the Liard River.

Edit

Location: Canada



Fort Norman

Aug 07, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Fort Norman

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Splits His Team

Aug 08, 1825

Franklin splits his team. He sends most of them to Great Bear Lake to set up their winter quarters, while he continues to the mouth of the Mackenzie with Edward Kendall in order to perform an initial exploration.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Mackenzie Delta

Aug 13, 1825

Franklin and Kendall reach the delta of the Mackenzie river. and begin to survey it, but have difficulty because frequent fog prevents them from using their sextant. They then travel back up the Mackenzie river to the fort, Fort Franklin, that the other party had build as their winter quarters on the Great Bear Lake.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Reaches Fort Franklin

Sep 05, 1825

Franklin and Kendall join up with the rest of the Mackenzie river expedition at Fort Franklin. They all spend an uneventful winter there and gather a large number of fish as food for the winter.

Edit

Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Heads for the Coast

May 23, 1826

The ice on the Great Bear Lake starts to break up and the Mackenzie River Expedition begins preparations to head back to the coast.

Edit

Location: Canada



The Mackenzie River Expedition Heads to the Arctic

Jun 20, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition heads down the Mackenzie River to the Artic Ocean. Once they reach the mouth of the river they plan to split the expedition in two, with one team heading west and the other heading east in order to map the maximum amount of the coast before returning to Fort Franklin before the winter.

Edit

Location: Arctic



The Mackenzie River Expedition Splits

Jul 04, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the coast and splits in two teams. Franklin and Back led one team heading west. Kendall and Richardson led the other team heading east.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Meet An Inuit Group

Jul 09, 1826

Franklin and Back meet an Inuit group. Franklin mentioned that they all appear in excellent health, although nearly all of them suffered from some degree of snowblindness.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach the Babbage River

Jul 15, 1826

Franklin and Back reach the Babbage River

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach Herschel Island

Jul 17, 1826

Franklin and Back reach Herschel Island and meet some more Inuit

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach Alaska

Jul 30, 1826

Franklin and Back reach what is now Alaska

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Turns Back

Aug 16, 1826

Franklin and Back decide to turn back towards Fort Franklin as summer was coming to an end. They had not realised that at this point they were merely 6 days journey from another expedition that was travelling east from Alaska.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin Meets Inuit

Aug 29, 1826

Franklin and Back were told by a group of Inuit that they had seen Richardson’s party returning to the mouth of the Mackenzie River, and that there were hostile groups hunting for them that planned to steal all of their equipment.

Edit

Location: Arctic



Franklin And Back Reach Mackenzie

Sep 04, 1826

Franklin and Back reach the point that the two parties had split earlier that year.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin And Back Return to Fort Franklin

Sep 21, 1826

Franklin and Back return to Fort Franklin. Franklin is worried that they do not have enough stores at Fort Franklin to make it through the winter, and so he despatches Kendall to Fort Norman in order to get more supplies.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Heads Home

Feb 20, 1827

Franklin decides to depart from Fort Franklin on a sledge before the ice breaks up. He takes all of the expedition's charts, journals, and drawings.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Arrives Back in Liverpool

Sep 27, 1827

Franklin arrives back in Liverpool

Edit

Location: Liverpool



Sir John Franklin is Appointed Lieutenant Governor

1837

Sir John Franklin is appointed Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land, which we now call Tasmania.

Edit

Location: Tasmania



Franklin Leaves Tasmania

1843

Franklin leaves his post as Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania)

Edit

Location: Tasmania



The Franklin Expedition

Feb 07, 1845

The Franklin Expedition to the artic is commissioned

Edit

Location: Britain



The Franklin Expedition Sets Sail

May 19, 1845

The Franklin expedition sets sail from Greenhithe in Kent.

Edit

Location: Greenhithe



Franklin Expedition Reaches Baffin Bay

Jul 1845

Two whalers encounter the Franklin Expedition in Baffin Bay. They will be the last europeans to ever set eyes on them.

Edit

Location: Canada



Franklin Expedition Winters At Beechey Island

1846

After waiting out the winter on Beechey Island, where three crew members died and were buried, the expedition sets off down Peel Sound. They get as far as King William Island before getting trapped in the ice.

Edit

Location: Canada



The Franklin Expedition Leaves a Note

May 28, 1847

The Franklin Expedition leaves a note at Victory Point

Edit

Location: Canada



Sir John Franklin Dies

Jun 11, 1847

Sir John Franklin dies on board his ship. James Fitzjames becomes Captain of HMS Erebus in his place

Edit

Location: Canada