rear-Admiral sherard Osborn
rear-Admiral sherard Osborn

The Bluejackets All Officer

rear-Admiral sherard Osborn

naval officer and artic explorer




Sherard Osborn is Born

Apr 25, 1822

Sherard Osborn is born in Madras in India

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Location: India



Osborn joins the Navy

Sep 30, 1837

Sherard Osborn joins the Royal Navy as a First Class Volunteer in HMS Hyacinth in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



First Battle of Chuenpi

Nov 03, 1839

The Royal Saxon attempts to follow the Thomas Coutts and negotiate their own trade deal. Charles Elliot sends Royal Navy ships HMS Volage and HMS Hyacith to stop it. Chinese warships under Guan Tianpei sailed out to provide aid to Royal Saxon. The Royal Navy ships then turned their guns on the chinese. 4 Chinese vessels were destroyed in the battle.

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Location: Pearl River



Osborn Transfers to HMS Volage

Dec 18, 1839

Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Volage as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Nicholas Tomlinson is Promoted to Major

Mar 13, 1840

Captain Nicholas Tomlinson is promoted to Major

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Location: Britain



Commodore Sir Gordon Bremer Arrived Off Macao

Jun 21, 1840

Commodore Sir Gordon Bremer arrived off Macao

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Location: Hong Kong



George Elliot Replaces Gordon Bremer

Jul 1840

Rear-Admiral George Elliot replaces Commodore Gordon Bremer as the Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in the Opium War

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Location: Hong Kong



Bombardment of Ting-Hai

Jul 05, 1840

The British bombarded the port of Ting-hai, which was then occupied by troops under Brigadier-General George Burrell.

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Location: Pearl River



Osborn Transfers Back to HMS Hyacinth

Jul 15, 1840

Sherard Osborn transfers back to HMS Hyacinth as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Gordon Bremer Becomes C in C Again

Nov 1840

Admiral George Elliot returns to Britain and Commodore Gordon Bremer takes over again as the Commander-in-Chief

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Location: Hong Kong



The British Capture the Pearl River Forts

Jan 07, 1841

British captured the Bogue forts of Chuenpi and Tycocktow that guarded the mouth of the Pearl River. Major J L Pratt of the 26th (Cameronian) Regiment commanded the britsh forces and suffered only 38 casualties. Of the Chinese fleet of 13 war-junks, 10 were captured and their flagship was destroyed.

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Location: Pearl River



Charles Elliot And Qishan Negotiate

Jan 20, 1841

Charles Elliot and Chinese Imperial Commissioner Qishan negotiated the Convention of Chuenpi which would open the port of Canton. The Daoguang Emperor was furious when he found out. He ordered Qishan to be arrested and escorted as a criminal to Beijing for trial; Qishan had his properties and assets confiscated and was sentenced to military service.

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Location: Pearl River



Canton Remains Closed

1841

The port at Canton remains closed to the British despite the treaty negociated by Charles Elliot and Qishan

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Location: Canton



Attack on Anunghoy

Feb 23, 1841

Elliot sails to the islands off Anunghoy aboard HMS Nemesis. They are fired on by a Chinese battery concealed on the shore. Nemisis returned fire and the pinaces that accompanied it fought off 30 small chinese warships. Landing forces then took the island and its fortress.

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Location: Pearl River



HMS Nemesis Embark Troops

Feb 25, 1841

HMS Nemesis embarked 130 troops of the 37th Madras Native Infantry to assist in erecting a mortar battery. This was constructed over night while under fire form Chinese positions on North Wangtong Island.

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Location: Pearl River



Guan Tianpei Dies in Action

Feb 26, 1841

The british start firing on North Wangtong and Anunghoy causing the defenders to flee

more

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Location: Pearl River



Canton Captured

May 27, 1841

Lieutenant-General Sir Hugh Gough captured Canton

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Location: Canton



Admiral William Parker joins HMS Cornwallis

Jun 1841

Admiral William Parker takes command of HMS Cornwallis and is despatched to take command of the East Indies and China Station.

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Location: Britain



William Parker Arrives in Hong Kong

Aug 10, 1841

William Parker arrives in Hong Kong to take over command of the British forces during the Opium War after the death of Humphrey Senhouse.

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Location: Hong Kong



The British Capture Amoy

Aug 26, 1841

The British moved north again and captured Amoy

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Chusan

Oct 01, 1841

The British take Chusan

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Location: Pearl River



British Capture Chinhai

Oct 10, 1841

Chinhai is taken at the cost of three British dead and 16 wounded

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Ningpo

Oct 13, 1841

Ningpo is captured unopposed

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Location: Pearl River



Nicholas Tomlinson Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

Nov 23, 1841

Major Nicholas Tomlinson is promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

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Location: China



The Chinese Attack Ningpo

Mar 10, 1842

Chinese counter-attacked in an attempt to retake Ningpo, but were easily repelled

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Chapu

May 18, 1842

The british capture Chapu. Many Chinese only surrendered after their defences had been breached and their enclosures set on fire by rockets. During the assault, nine British soldiers and sailors were killed and 55 wounded. One of the dead was Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas Tomlinson, commander of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment.

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Location: China



Osborn Transfers to HMS Columbine

May 19, 1842

Midshipman Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Columbine in China

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Location: China



Shanghai Captured

Jun 19, 1842

Shanghai captured by Gough and Admiral Sir William Parker

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Location: China



Chinkiang is Captured

Jul 21, 1842

Chinkiang is captured. The military commander of the city, Hai-lin, ordered his own house to be set alight and burned to death rather than surrender.

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Location: China



The Chinese Request Peace

Aug 17, 1842

The Chinese request peace with the British ending the war

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Location: China



The Treaty of Nanking

Aug 29, 1842

The Treaty of Nanking is signed on board HMS Cornwallis. This treaty allowed the British to carry on their mercantile transactions with whatever persons they please and opened the Treaty Ports of Guangzhou, Amoy, Foochow, Shanghai and Ningpo to all traders. It also gave the island of Hong Kong to the British.

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Location: China



War Reparations From China

Mar 03, 1843

Five wagons arrive at the mint in London with the first instalment of the war reparations from China.

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Location: Britain



Osborn Transfers to HMS Excellent

Mar 20, 1843

Midshipman Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Excellent in Portsmouth

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Location: Portsmouth



Sherard Osborn is Rated as Mate

Dec 12, 1843

Sherard Osborn is rated as Mate on HMS Excellent in Portsmouth

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Location: Portsmouth



Osborn is Appointed to HMS Collingwood

Jun 16, 1844

Sherard Osborn is appointed to HMS Collingwood in the Pacific

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Location: Pacific ocean



Osborn is Promoted to Lieutenant

May 04, 1846

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Lieutenant in the Pacific

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Location: Pacific ocean



Osborn Transfers to HMS Crocodile

Sep 07, 1848

Lieutenant Osborn transfers to HMS Crocodile, the receiving ship in Cork

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Location: Ireland



Osborn Transfers to HMS Pioneer

Feb 28, 1850

Lieutenant Osborn transfers to HMS Pioneer searching for the Franklin expedition

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Location: Canada



Osborn Publishes a Book on the Arctic

1852

Sherard Osborn publishes a book on the Arctic expedition under Horatio Thomas Austin, including the sledge-journey to the western extremity of Prince of Wales Island, in a book called 'Stray Leaves from an Arctic Journal'

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Location: Britain



Osborn is Promoted to Commander

Oct 30, 1852

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Commander while searching for the Franklin Expedition

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Location: Canada



Osborn Transfers to HMS North Star

Jun 01, 1854

Commander Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS North Star in the Arctic

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Location: Canada



Osborn is Given HMS Medusa

Feb 17, 1855

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of HMS Medusa in the Sea of Azov

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Location: sea of Azov



Osborn Transfers to HMS Vesuvius

Feb 17, 1855

Commander Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Vesuvius in the Black Sea

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Location: Black sea



Osborn is Promoted to Captain

Aug 18, 1855

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Captain

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Location: Black sea



Osborn is Given HMS Furious

Mar 11, 1857

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of HMS Furious in China Osborn is given HMS Furious

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Location: China



Attack on Canton

Dec 14, 1857

The British and French decide to attack Canton

more

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Location: Canton



Bombardment of Canton

Dec 28, 1857

The British and French begin the bombardment of Canton. The British forces included HMS Highflyer with Jackie Fisher on board, serving as a Midshipman.

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Location: Canton



Recapture of Canton

Jan 05, 1858

Canton was captured by British and French forces, with only 15 killed and 113 wounded. Ye Mingchen was captured and then exiled to Calcutta where he starved himself to death.

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Location: Canton



Hoskins Made Commander

Feb 26, 1858

Lieutenant Hoskins is promoted to Commander

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Location: China



Capture of the Taku Forts

May 19, 1858

The British fleet reaches the mouth of the Peiho River, where it was guarded by the Taku Forts. These were powerful defences with over a mile of earthworks on both sides of the river, and over the ramparts the muzzles of 87 guns were visible. There is a brief artillery duel before the Chinese troops withdraw from their positions.

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Location: Taku Forts



The Grand Canal

May 29, 1858

The fleet carries on up the river to the entrance of the Grand Canal. A diplomatic mission is sent from here to the Imperial Palace in order to negotiate a peace treaty.

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Location: Peiho River



Reinforcement the Taku Forts

Jun 02, 1858

Xianfeng Emperor ordered the Mongol general Sengge Rinchen to guard the Taku Forts near Tianjin. Sengge Rinchen reinforced the forts with additional artillery pieces. He also brought 4,000 Mongol cavalry from Chahar and Suiyuan.

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Location: Taku Forts



Osborn Publishes a Book on the Arrow War

1859

Sherard Osborn publishes a book on the Arrow war called 'A cruise in Japanese waters, The fight on the Peiho'

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Location: Britain



Osborn is Given HMS Donegal

May 19, 1861

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of HMS Donegal in the Channel Squadron

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Location: Britain



Osborn Transfers to Coast Guard

Jul 13, 1862

Captain Sherard Osborn is made captain of the Coast Guard cutter Dauntless in Southampton

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Location: Britain



Vampire Squadron

Aug 30, 1862

Captain Sherard Osborn is hired to lead a mercenary fleet to protect Shanghai

more

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Location: China



Osborn is Given HMS Royal Sovereign

Jul 06, 1864

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of Royal Sovereign in Portsmouth as part of the Channel Squadron

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Location: Portsmouth



Osborn Leaves the Navy

1865

Captain Sherard Osborn leaves the Royal Navy to become an agent to the Great Indian Peninsula Railway

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Location: Britain



Director of Telegraph Construction Company

1867

Sherard Osborn becomes the managing director of the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company

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Location: Britain



Osborn Founds Telegraph Company

1869

Sherard Osborn becomes Founding Director of the International Mid-Channel Telegraph Co. Ltd.

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Location: Britain



Osborn is Given HMS Hercules

Oct 09, 1871

Captain Sherard Osborn is given command of HMS Hercules as part of the Channel Squadron Osborn is given HMS Hercules

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Location: Britain



Sherard Osborn is Promoted to Rear-Admiral

May 29, 1873

Sherard Osborn is promoted to Rear-Admiral

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Location: Britain



Sherard Osborn Dies

May 06, 1875

Sherard Osborn dies in London

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Location: Britain