Admiral sackville hamilton Carden

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Admiral sackville hamilton Carden

An officer of the victorian era who commanded the naval forces during the first part of the Gallipoli Campaign




Sackville Hamilton Carden is Born

May 03, 1857

Sackville Hamilton Carden is born in Templemore in Ireland

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Location: Ireland



Carden joins the Navy

1870

Sackville Carden joins the Royal Navy

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Location: Dartmouth



The Fleet Arrives At Alexandria

May 19, 1882

A fleet under Admiral Sir F. Beauchamp Seymour was arrived to Alexandria, only to find that Egyptian forces had been busy shoring up Alexandria's defences with modern Krupp cannon in anticipation of an attack. This fleet included Jackie Fisher as the Captain of HMS Inflexible, and Charles Beresford as Captain of HMS Condor.

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Location: Alexandria



Alexandra Riots

Jun 11, 1882

A row over a fare between an Egyptian donkey boy and a Maltese man triggered an anti-Christian riot in the city in which several hundred people were killed, including about 50 foreigners.

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Location: Alexandria



Principal Transport Officer

Jul 1882

Captain Harry Rawson is made the Principal Transport Officer during the Anglo-Egyptian War

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Location: Egypt



HMS Monarch Transfers Refugees

Jul 1882

Due to riots and attacks on foreigners in the city HMS Monarch was carrying over 700 refugees holding British papers, who are moved to a chartered P & O steamer.

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Location: Alexandria



British Ultimatum to Egypt

Jul 10, 1882

Admiral Seymour sent an ultimatum to the Egyptions demanding that they remove the guns from the forts guarding Alexandra harbour. The Egyptions replied that they were under no obligation to do so, but they might be willing to remove some of the guns from some of the forts.

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Location: Alexandria



The Bombardment of Alexandra

Jul 11, 1882 7AM

The British fleet bombards Alexandra

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Location: Alexandria



The Invasion of Egypt

Jul 13, 1882

Landing parties are sent from the British fleet to secure Alexandria

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Location: Alexandria



General Sir Garnet Wolseley Arrives in Alexandria

Aug 15, 1882

General Sir Garnet Wolseley arrived at Alexandria and set about securing the Suez Canal. Over 40 Royal Navy warships converged on the Canal from both the Red Sea in the south and the Mediterranean in the north. Troops were sent through the Suez Canal to Ismailia, and it was occupied on 20 August without resistance.

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Location: Alexandria



Port Said Occupied

Aug 20, 1882

Captain Fairfax of the Monarch, was instructed to occupy Port Said to secure the Suez Canal. Captain Fairfax and Captain Seymour of HMS Iris led at party of 216 seamen, 276 marines and 2 gatling guns, who landed at Port Said at dawn and in near silence. They surrounded the Egyptian garrison which surrendered immediately. Two companies of Monarch's seamen and a company of her marines made up part of the force that was based at the Dutch Hotel in Port Said from 21st August.

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Location: Port Said



The Battle of Tel-El-Kebir

Sep 13, 1882 5AM

British victory over the Egyptians at Tel-el-Kebir effectively ends the Anglo-Egyption war

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Location: Tel-el-Kebir



The End of the Anglo-Egyption War

Sep 14, 1882

A triumphant march on Cairo signalling the effective end of the war

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Location: Cairo



Convention of Constantinople

Oct 29, 1882

An international convention was signed that allowed vessels of any nation to use the Suez Canal, despite British reservations that this would limit their control over this vital waterway.

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Location: Constantinople



HMS Theseus Sent to Join Admiral Rawson

Jan 11, 1897

HMS Theseus is despatched from the Mediterranean to join Admiral Harry Rawson's expedition

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Location: Mediterranean



Admiral Rawson's Expedition Assembles

Feb 03, 1897

Admiral Harry Rawson's expedition assembles off the coast of Benin

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Location: Benin



Benin Expedition Sets Out

Feb 10, 1897

An expedition under Admiral Harry Rawson sets out up the Benin River for Benin city. It has a 500 strong naval brigade of sailors and Royal Marines from HMS Forte, HMS Theseus, HMS St.George, and HMS Philomel. It also has 500 men from the Niger Coast Constabulary. A force of local troops brings the force up to 1400 men, together with another 1700 to deal with their baggage.

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Location: Benin



Attack on Ologbo

Feb 12, 1897

The naval brigade attacks and occupy the village of Ologbo that Admiral Rawson intended to used as a base for his attack on Benin. They arrived in a steam launch that cleared the beachhead with its Maxim Gun, before disembarking the sailors. The Beni soldiers fought back by retreating to cover and firing back, so it took several hours to clear the area of them.

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Location: Benin



Expedition Advances on Benin

Feb 14, 1897

The expedition advances on Benin from Ologbo. Their path was marked by hundreds of corpses, men and women disembowelled on the orders of the local priests to appeal to the Beni gods for help driving back the invaders. Boisragon wrote that there were:

"Everywhere sacrificial trees on which were corpses of the latest victims."

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Location: Benin



Battle of Benin City

Feb 18, 1897

An 8 hour battle as the expedition approaches Benin city against soldiers often armed with modern repeating rifles bought from the european powers

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Location: Benin



Benin Expedition Looks for Water

Feb 19, 1897

A large party is sent out to find water. About 3 miles from the city they find a servant boy from Phillip's party still alive at the bottom of a well amongst the corpses of other native bearers from the party.

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Location: Benin



Benin Burned

Feb 21, 1897

A fire begins in one of the buildings. It destroyed the hospital that had been set up for the wounded men. They manage to escape, but the fire destroys the King's house, as well as most of the troops baggage, before being brought under control.

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Location: Benin



Naval Brigade Returns to the Ships

Feb 27, 1897

The naval brigade returns to the ships, which then disperse across the empire.

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Location: Benin



Carden is Promoted to Captain

Dec 1899

Sackville Carden is promoted to captain

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Location: Britain



Carden is Given HMS Immortalité

May 1901

Captain Sackville Carden is given command of HMS Immortalité. She is the seagoing tender to the Wildfire, which is the flagship at Sheerness.

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Location: Britain



Carden is Given HMS Magnificent

Oct 16, 1902

Captain Sackville Carden is appointed in command of the battleship HMS Magnificent. This ship was the flagship to rear-admiral Assheton Curzon-Howe, who was second in command of the Channel Squadron. He took her to visit Gibraltar and Tetuan the following week.

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Location: Britain



Carden is Promoted to Rear-Admiral

1908

Captain Sackville Carden is promoted to Rear-Admiral. He is not given a command straight away and has to go onto half-pay.

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Location: Britain



Carden joins the Atlantic Fleet

1910

After two years on half-pay, Sackville Carden was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet. He raises his flag aboard HMS London.

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Location: Atlantic



Carden is Posted to the Admiralty

1911

Rear-Admiral Sackville Carden is posted to the Admiralty in London

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Location: Britain



Carden Goes to Malta

Aug 1912

Rear-Admiral Sackville Carden is appointed as the Admiral Superintendent of the Malta Dockyard

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Location: Malta



Carden is Given the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron

Sep 1914

Rear-Admiral Sackville Carden is appointed as the commander of the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron, which was operating under the overall command of the British alliance with them.

Carden is given the eastern Mediterranean squadron

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Location: Mediterranean



Chief of Staff to Sackville Carden

Feb 1915

Commodore Keyes is made the Chief of Staff to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden

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Location: Gallipoli



Robeck Becomes 2 in C of the Eastern Mediterranean

Feb 1915

Rear-Admiral John de Robeck became second-in-command of the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron under Admiral Sackville Carden, with his flag on HMS Vengeance

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Location: Mediterranean



Probing the Straits

Feb 19, 1915

07:58 Orhaniye Tepe battery opens fire on a pair of destroyers probing the straits.

09:51 HMS Cornwallis and HMS Vengeance return fire on the forts with limited effect.

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Location: Gallipoli



Fleet Entered the Straits

Feb 25, 1915

The fleet entered the straits to engage the intermediate defences thanks to the Ottomans having evacuated the outer defences. A landing party of Royal Marines raid the Sedd el Bahr and Kum Kale forts with little resistance.

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Location: Gallipoli



Battleships Bombard Defences

Mar 01, 1915

Battleships bombard the intermediate defences but little progress was made clearing the minefields. The minefields were being swept by un-armoured trawlers working in pairs. They had to drag the mines to the surface with a rope, and then triggered by shooting rifles at them. The trawlers manned by their civilian crews, who were unwilling to work while under fire.

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Location: Gallipoli



Minesweepers Hit

Mar 04, 1915

Twenty-three marines were killed raiding the outer defences while HMS Amethyst led six minesweepers in an attempt to clear the mines. Four of the trawlers used for minesweeping were hit and Amethyst was badly damaged with nineteen stokers killed from one hit.

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Location: Gallipoli



Carden Plan Accepted

Mar 15, 1915

Admiralty accepted a plan by Carden for another attack by daylight, with the minesweepers protected by the fleet, although the way that strain of command was affecting his health meant that he would not be in command of it.

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Location: Gallipoli



Seaplanes Look for Mines

Mar 18, 1915

The seaplanes from Ark Royal perform a sortie over the straits to look for mines

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Location: Gallipoli



Battle of 18 March

Mar 18, 1915

The British and French try to force the Dardanelles straits

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Location: Gallipoli



Admiral Carden Dies

May 06, 1930

Admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden dies in Lymington

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Location: Britain