john Taylor

The Bluejackets All Sailor

john Taylor

Sailor during the Crimean War




John Taylor is Born

1822

John Taylor is born in Bristol

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Location: Britain



HMS Volage Arrives Off Macau

Aug 30, 1839

HMS Volage arrives off Macau to protect British shipping waiting off the Chinese coast.

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Location: Hong Kong



Skirmish At Kowloon

Sep 04, 1839

Chinese authorities order the return of food bought for the British expedition resulting in a skirmish

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Location: Kowloon



Thomas Coutts

Oct 1839

The merchant ship Thomas Coutts enters the Pearl River. Ship is owned by Quakers who refuse to deal in opium, which the Chinese authorities are well aware of. They are allowed to trade after negotiating their own personal trade agreement. Charles Elliot orders a blockade of the Pearl River to prevent other ships from doing what the Thomas Coutts had done.

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Location: Pearl River



First Battle of Chuenpi

Nov 03, 1839

The Royal Saxon attempts to follow the Thomas Coutts and negotiate their own trade deal. Charles Elliot sends Royal Navy ships HMS Volage and HMS Hyacith to stop it. Chinese warships under Guan Tianpei sailed out to provide aid to Royal Saxon. The Royal Navy ships then turned their guns on the chinese. 4 Chinese vessels were destroyed in the battle.

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Location: Pearl River



Osborn Transfers to HMS Volage

Dec 18, 1839

Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Volage as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Nicholas Tomlinson is Promoted to Major

Mar 13, 1840

Captain Nicholas Tomlinson is promoted to Major

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Location: Britain



Commodore Sir Gordon Bremer Arrived Off Macao

Jun 21, 1840

Commodore Sir Gordon Bremer arrived off Macao

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Location: Hong Kong



George Elliot Replaces Gordon Bremer

Jul 1840

Rear-Admiral George Elliot replaces Commodore Gordon Bremer as the Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in the Opium War

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Location: Hong Kong



Bombardment of Ting-Hai

Jul 05, 1840

The British bombarded the port of Ting-hai, which was then occupied by troops under Brigadier-General George Burrell.

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Location: Pearl River



Osborn Transfers Back to HMS Hyacinth

Jul 15, 1840

Sherard Osborn transfers back to HMS Hyacinth as a Midshipman in China and the East Indies

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Location: China



Gordon Bremer Becomes C in C Again

Nov 1840

Admiral George Elliot returns to Britain and Commodore Gordon Bremer takes over again as the Commander-in-Chief

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Location: Hong Kong



The British Capture the Pearl River Forts

Jan 07, 1841

British captured the Bogue forts of Chuenpi and Tycocktow that guarded the mouth of the Pearl River. Major J L Pratt of the 26th (Cameronian) Regiment commanded the britsh forces and suffered only 38 casualties. Of the Chinese fleet of 13 war-junks, 10 were captured and their flagship was destroyed.

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Location: Pearl River



Charles Elliot And Qishan Negotiate

Jan 20, 1841

Charles Elliot and Chinese Imperial Commissioner Qishan negotiated the Convention of Chuenpi which would open the port of Canton. The Daoguang Emperor was furious when he found out. He ordered Qishan to be arrested and escorted as a criminal to Beijing for trial; Qishan had his properties and assets confiscated and was sentenced to military service.

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Location: Pearl River



Canton Remains Closed

1841

The port at Canton remains closed to the British despite the treaty negociated by Charles Elliot and Qishan

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Location: Canton



Attack on Anunghoy

Feb 23, 1841

Elliot sails to the islands off Anunghoy aboard HMS Nemesis. They are fired on by a Chinese battery concealed on the shore. Nemisis returned fire and the pinaces that accompanied it fought off 30 small chinese warships. Landing forces then took the island and its fortress.

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Location: Pearl River



HMS Nemesis Embark Troops

Feb 25, 1841

HMS Nemesis embarked 130 troops of the 37th Madras Native Infantry to assist in erecting a mortar battery. This was constructed over night while under fire form Chinese positions on North Wangtong Island.

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Location: Pearl River



Guan Tianpei Dies in Action

Feb 26, 1841

The british start firing on North Wangtong and Anunghoy causing the defenders to flee

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Location: Pearl River



Canton Captured

May 27, 1841

Lieutenant-General Sir Hugh Gough captured Canton

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Location: Canton



Admiral William Parker joins HMS Cornwallis

Jun 1841

Admiral William Parker takes command of HMS Cornwallis and is despatched to take command of the East Indies and China Station.

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Location: Britain



William Parker Arrives in Hong Kong

Aug 10, 1841

William Parker arrives in Hong Kong to take over command of the British forces during the Opium War after the death of Humphrey Senhouse.

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Location: Hong Kong



The British Capture Amoy

Aug 26, 1841

The British moved north again and captured Amoy

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Chusan

Oct 01, 1841

The British take Chusan

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Location: Pearl River



British Capture Chinhai

Oct 10, 1841

Chinhai is taken at the cost of three British dead and 16 wounded

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Ningpo

Oct 13, 1841

Ningpo is captured unopposed

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Location: Pearl River



Nicholas Tomlinson Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

Nov 23, 1841

Major Nicholas Tomlinson is promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel

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Location: China



The Chinese Attack Ningpo

Mar 10, 1842

Chinese counter-attacked in an attempt to retake Ningpo, but were easily repelled

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Location: Pearl River



The British Capture Chapu

May 18, 1842

The british capture Chapu. Many Chinese only surrendered after their defences had been breached and their enclosures set on fire by rockets. During the assault, nine British soldiers and sailors were killed and 55 wounded. One of the dead was Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas Tomlinson, commander of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment.

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Location: China



Osborn Transfers to HMS Columbine

May 19, 1842

Midshipman Sherard Osborn transfers to HMS Columbine in China

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Location: China



Shanghai Captured

Jun 19, 1842

Shanghai captured by Gough and Admiral Sir William Parker

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Location: China



Chinkiang is Captured

Jul 21, 1842

Chinkiang is captured. The military commander of the city, Hai-lin, ordered his own house to be set alight and burned to death rather than surrender.

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Location: China



The Chinese Request Peace

Aug 17, 1842

The Chinese request peace with the British ending the war

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Location: China



The Treaty of Nanking

Aug 29, 1842

The Treaty of Nanking is signed on board HMS Cornwallis. This treaty allowed the British to carry on their mercantile transactions with whatever persons they please and opened the Treaty Ports of Guangzhou, Amoy, Foochow, Shanghai and Ningpo to all traders. It also gave the island of Hong Kong to the British.

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Location: China



Charles Austen Goes to Burma

1852

HMS Fox with Admiral Charles Austen and Commodore George Lambert is despatched to Burma

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Location: Burma



The British Seize the Port of Martaban

Apr 05, 1852

The British seize the port of Martaban

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Location: Burma



The British Occupied Rangoon

Apr 12, 1852

The British occupied Rangoon

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Location: Burma



The British Take Bassein

May 19, 1852

The British take Bassein

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Location: Burma



The British Take Pegu

Jun 03, 1852

The British take Pegu

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Location: Burma



The British Attack Donabyu

Mar 19, 1853

The British attack Donabyu. Garnet Wolseley is wounded during the attack and mentioned in despatches for his actions during the battle.

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Location: Burma



Garnet Wolseley is Promoted to Lieutenant

May 16, 1853

Garnet Wolseley is promoted to Lieutenant and returned to Britain after due to the wounds he received in during the attack on Donabyu

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Location: Burma



The British Occupy Prome

Oct 09, 1853

the British occupy Prome

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Location: Burma



The British Annex Part of Burma

Jan 20, 1854

The British annex part of Burma bringing the war to an end

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Location: Burma



Supplying Batteries At Sevastopol

Oct 18, 1854

The Naval Brigade brings in powder to the battery from a wagon under very heavy fire, a shot having disabled the horses to the battery at Sevastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



Battle of Balaclava

Oct 25, 1854

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Location: Balaklava



Hewett Takes the Initiative

Oct 26, 1854

Acting-Mate Hewett was in charge of the Right Lancaster Battery at Sebastopol. He was ordered to spike his gun and retreat. However, he realised that this order was a mistake so he took it on himself to ignore the order. He and his men then pulled down the parapet of the battery so that they could point it at the advancing enemy.

William Hewett is given an immediate field promoted to Lieutenant for his actions, which he will need to confirm by passing his exams when he gets back to Portsmouth

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Location: Sevastopol



Battle of Inkerman

Nov 05, 1854

The Naval Brigade force Russian sharp shooters out from caves and then hold the area

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Location: Crimea



John Sullivan Sets Up Aiming Point

Apr 10, 1855

John Sullivan as one of the gun captains on Greenhill Battery at Sevastopol. He volunteered to place a flagstaff on a mound to act as an aiming point, despite continuous fire from Russian sharpshooters. With the aim point in place the battery was able to fire at the concealed Russian guns.

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Location: Sevastopol



Edward Daniel Wounded

Jun 06, 1855

Midshipman Edward Daniel is slightly wounded while in the trenches at Sebastopol

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Location: Sevastopol



First Offensive on the Great Redan

Jun 06, 1855

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Location: Sevastopol



Fourth Bombardment on the Great Redan

Jun 17, 1855

The British bombard the Great Redan in order to silence the guns there in preparation for the assault on the next day

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Location: Sevastopol



Second Assault on the Great Redan

Jun 18, 1855

the naval brigade assaults the Great Redan, with several of them winning Victoria Crosses for their actions

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Location: Sevastopol



Raid on Sevastopol Harbour

Jul 15, 1855

Boatswain's Mate Sheppard sneaks a punt into Sevastopol harbour at night. He had a bomb with him to blow up on of the Russian ships. He managed to get passed the steamboats guarding the entrance of Careening Bay, but was prevented from getting further by a long string of boats carrying enemy troops.

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Location: Sevastopol



Second Raid on Sevastopol Harbour

Aug 16, 1855

Boatswain's Mate Sheppard makes a second attempt to sneak into Sevastopol harbour in his punt. He is stopped again, but still wins a Victoria Cross for his attempts as they were boldly conceived and carried out in the face of great danger.

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Location: Sevastopol



Final Battle of the Great Redan Begins

Sep 07, 1855

The British start their bombardment of the Great Redan, which continues all day

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Location: Sevastopol



Final Assault of the Great Redan

Sep 08, 1855

The two British divisions move out in a skirmishing formation. One of the Brigades gets pushed back by Russian firepower, but the other manages to get to the Great Redan. Storming parties with ladders sprint across the open space and storm the Great Redan. They fire rockets to alert the French to begin their own attack on the nearby Flagstaff Bastion, but by the time the French get there the Russian gunners were waiting and force them back leaving the British stuck in the Redan. They fight on for the hours before being pushed out of the Redan again.

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Location: Sevastopol



John Taylor Dies

Feb 25, 1857

John Taylor dies in Woolwich in London

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Location: Britain