sir john Richardson

The Bluejackets All Officer

sir john Richardson

John Richardson




John Richardson is Born

Nov 05, 1787

John Richardson is born in Dumfries

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Location: Britain



John Richardson the Navy

1807

John Richardson completes his medical training and joins the Royal Navy as a surgeon

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Location: Britain



The Coppermine Expedition Leaves

May 23, 1819

The Coppermine Expedition sails from Gravesend under John Franklin. He has George Back with him for surveying and chart making, and John Richardson as their surgeon. They travel on board a Hudson’s Bay Company ship. As soon as they get to Canada the first of their supply problems materialised as neither the Hudson Bay Company, nor the Northwest Company, was able to provide any of the supplies that they had promised.

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Location: Britain



Franklin Arrives in Canada

Aug 30, 1819

Franklin and his expedition arrive at York Factory in Canada

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Location: Canada



Franklin Goes to Fort Chipewyan

Jan 1820

Franklin sets out into the pine forests to Fort Chipewyan in order to hire men with experience of exploring Canada, as he had none. They had no tents and had to sleep on the ground covered in blankets. It was so cold that the mercury in their thermometers froze and they were even grateful for snowfall as the snow on their blankets would add extra insulation and make it less cold.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Arrives At Fort Chipewyan

Mar 1820

Franklin arrives at Fort Chipewyan and tries to buy supplies and recruit voyageurs, only to find that there was little food and none of the better voyageurs wanted to go with him.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Leaves Fort Chipewyan

Jul 1820

Franklin leaves Fort Chipewyan for the Great Slave Lake. It takes them 10 days to reach Old Fort Providence on its northern shore where they meet with Akaitcho the leader of the Yellowknives First Nation. Akaitcho agreed that some of the people from his nation would act as guides for the expedition and take them as far as the Inuit lands.

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Location: Canada



Mutiny

Jun 04, 1821

After a near mutiny during the winter when the expedition almost ran out of food, Franklin heads north again with a vague plan of trying to meet up with the Parry expedition that was trying to find the Northeast Passage by sea.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Arctic Sea

Jul 14, 1821

Franklin first sights the Arctic Sea. They meet their first Inuit camp a few days later and their Yellowknives guides leave for home as agreed. A quarter of the voyageurs go with them.

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Location: Arctic



Franklin Heads Home

Aug 22, 1821

Having mapped 500 miles of the Canadian coast Franklin decides to head for home, however they cannot go the way that they had come because rough weather had damaged their canoes too badly. This means that they had to use the Hood River route, which involved another trek across unknown territory.

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Location: Arctic



Winter Settles on the Coppermine Expedition

Sep 07, 1821

The Coppermine Expedition’s supplies were exhausted as winter settled in. They were forced to eat lichen, and even boil up their boots to eat the leather. The voyageurs became mutinous again, and the only that prevented them from simply walking away was that they did not know the way to get home.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches the Coppermine River

Sep 26, 1821

Franklin reaches the Coppermine river, but without their canoes they have no way to cross it.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Crosses the Coppermine River

Oct 04, 1821

Franklin and his party manage to cross the Coppermine river using a makeshift one man canoe built by Pierre St Germain. He crosses first taking line with him that everybody else uses to haul themselves across in his canoe.

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Location: Canada



Franklin Reaches Fort Enterpise

Oct 12, 1821

Franklin reaches Fort Enterpise, only to find that the supplies that he had expected had never been delivered. By this point the entire party was starving and on the point of giving up hope of every reaching home.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Suspects Terohaute of Murder

Oct 20, 1821

By now the expedition had split in two with Franklin in the slower party. Richardson and Hepburn were in the other party. As they were foraging, they heard a shot from the camp. They found Hood dead, and Terohaute standing with a gun in his hand. They suspected that he had already killed and eaten three other men from the party, but there was nothing that they could do at this point as he was stronger than they were and armed.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Shoots Terohaute

Oct 23, 1821

Terohaute goes to forage for lichen. Richardson took the opportunity to load his pistol, and on Terohaute's return, shot him dead.

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Location: Canada



Richardson Reaches Fort Enterpise

Oct 29, 1821

Richardson and Hepburn reach Fort Enterpise and found the men there barely able to move.

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Location: Canada



The Coppermine Expedition is Rescued

Nov 07, 1821

The Franklin expedition is rescued by the Yellowknives, one of the Canadian First Nations. Three men arrive with food, and then got more by fishing.

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Location: Canada



The Coppermine Expedition Returns to Britain

Oct 1822

The expedition returns to Britain. Despite his expedition being a complete failure Franklin is lauded as a hero for struggling in the face of such adversity.

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Location: Britain



Mackenzie River Expedition

Feb 16, 1825

Franklin, George Back, John Richardson and Edward Kendall leave Liverpool on the Mackenzie River Expedition, their second exploration expedition into the Arctic.

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Location: Liverpool



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches Cumberland Hous

Jun 15, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Cumberland House on the Saskatchewan River, and heads up to the Methye Portage.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Reaches the Methye Port

Jun 29, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition picks up their equipment at the Methye Portage. This had come by a different route to Franklin and his officers, having travelled from York Factory on the Hudson Bay up the Hayes River.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River

Aug 03, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the headwaters of the Mackenzie River and begin to follow it down to the Arctic Ocean

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Location: Canada



Liard River

Aug 04, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the point that the Mackenzie River joins the Liard River.

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Location: Canada



Fort Norman

Aug 07, 1825

Mackenzie River Expedition reaches Fort Norman

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Location: Canada



Survey of the Great Bear Lake

Apr 10, 1826

Richardson and Kendall head out to survey the coastline of the Great Bear Lake

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Location: Canada



Great Bear Lake Survey Finished

May 01, 1826

Richardson and Kendall finish their survey of the Great Bear Lake and return to Fort Franklin and the rejoin the rest of the Mackenzie River Expedition.

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Heads for the Coast

May 23, 1826

The ice on the Great Bear Lake starts to break up and the Mackenzie River Expedition begins preparations to head back to the coast.

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Location: Canada



The Mackenzie River Expedition Heads to the Arctic

Jun 20, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition heads down the Mackenzie River to the Artic Ocean. Once they reach the mouth of the river they plan to split the expedition in two, with one team heading west and the other heading east in order to map the maximum amount of the coast before returning to Fort Franklin before the winter.

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Location: Arctic



The Mackenzie River Expedition Splits

Jul 04, 1826

The Mackenzie River Expedition reaches the coast and splits in two teams. Franklin and Back led one team heading west. Kendall and Richardson led the other team heading east.

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Location: Arctic



Richardson And Kendall Reach Open Water

Jul 07, 1826

Richardson and Kendall exit the Mackenzie delta and reach open water

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Location: Arctic



Richardson Sees Wollaston Land

Aug 04, 1826

Richardson spots a large landmass to the north and calls it Wollaston Land. We now know that this was the southern end of Victoria Island.

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Location: Arctic



Richardson And Kendall the Coppermine River

Aug 08, 1826

Richardson and Kendall reaches the mouth of the Coppermine River. They travel up river to the Bloody Falls, but they do not think that they can get any further by boat.

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Location: Arctic



Richardson And Kendall Head for Great Bear Lake

Aug 10, 1826

Richardson and Kendall starts the overland trek back towards the Great Bear Lake.

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Reach the Dease River

Aug 15, 1826

Richardson and Kendall encounter a group of First Nations people who led them to the headwaters of Dease River

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Reaches the Great Bear Lake

Aug 18, 1826

Richardson and Kendall reaches the Great Bear Lake

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Kendall Return to Fort Franklin

Sep 01, 1826

Richardson and Kendall return to Fort Franklin

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Location: Canada



Mackenzie River Expedition Returns

Oct 1827

Back and the other officers of the Mackenzie River Expedition arrive back in Britain where Kendall is promoted to Lieutenant.

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Location: Britain



John Richardson is Knighted

1846

John Richardson is knighted by Queen Victoria

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Location: Britain



Richardson And Rae Leave Britain

Mar 25, 1848

Richardson and Rae leave Britain to search for the lost Franklin expedition. They plan to travel overland and then down the Mackenzie River to the arctic. The expedition also has 5 seamen and 15 Sappers who were sent on in advance.

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Location: Britain



Richardson And Rae Get to the Methy Portage

Jun 28, 1848

Richardson and Rae meet up with the advance party at Methy Portage and then the entire group continues along the Slave River to Great Slave Lake.

Richardson and Rae get to the Methy Portage

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Rae Reach Fort Resolution

Jul 17, 1848

Richardson and Rae reach Fort Resolution on the Great Slave Lake, the source of the Mackenzie River.

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Location: Canada



Richardson And Rae Constructs Fort Confidence

Sep 15, 1848

The Richardson-Rae expedition begins to construct their winter quarters at Fort Confidence, and gather the stores that they will need to get though the winter. They have already talked to many of the native people of the region, but so far none of them has seen anybody form the Franklin Expedition that they are looking for. Most have not seen any europeans since the Ross Expedition in 1826

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Location: Canada



Richardson Leaves for Britain

May 07, 1849

Richardson sets out form Fort Confidence for Britain

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Location: Canada



Richardson Returns to Liverpool

Nov 06, 1849

Richardson returns to Liverpool

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Location: Canada



John Richardson Dies

Jun 05, 1865

John Richardson dies

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Location: Britain