general henry Havelock

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general henry Havelock

Major General Sir Henry Havelock KCB




Havelock is Born

Apr 05, 1795

Henry Havelock is born

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Location: Britain



Havelock is Sent to Charterhouse

1804

Henry Havelock is sent to Charterhouse school

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Location: Britain



Havelock Studies Law

1813

Henry Havelock enters the Middle Temple to study law

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Location: Britain



Havelock joins the Army

Jul 30, 1815

Henry Havelock is commissioned as second lieutenant in the 95th Regiment of Foot. He had been forced to give up the legal profession when his family could no longer pay for his tuition.

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Location: Britain



Havelock is Prompted to Lieutenant

Oct 24, 1821

Henry Havelock is prompted to Lieutenant

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Location: Britain



Havelock Transfers Regiment

1822

Henry Havelock transfers to the 13th (1st Somersetshire) Regiment (Light Infantry)

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Location: Britain



Havelock Leaves for India

1823

Henry Havelock leaves Britain for India

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Location: Britain



Burma Occupies Shalpuri Island

Sep 1823

Burma occupies Shalpuri Island near Chittagong, which was claimed by the East India Company

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Location: Burma



1St Anglo-Burmese War Begins

Mar 05, 1824

hostilities break out in the 1st Anglo-Burmese War

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Location: Burma



Battle of Yangon

May 11, 1824

A British force of 10000 men takes the city of Rangoon with little resistance due to the Burmese choosing to fight using scorched earth tactics. They left the city empty and then created a fortified line surrounding the city.

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Location: Burma



The British Reach Kamayut

Jul 01, 1824

The British had pushed the Burmese lines back to Kamayut. The Burmese decide to remove their men from the western front of the war in order to concentrate on removing the British from Rangoon.

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Location: Burma



Burmese Attack on Rangoon

Nov 1824

The Burmese mass a force of 30000 near Rangoon in order to re-take the city

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Location: Burma



British Repel the Burmese Army

Nov 30, 1824

The Burmese decide to launch a frontal attack against the British. Despite out numbering the British the superior British weapons, inlcuding Congreve rockets that the Burmese had never seen before, takes their toll.

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Location: Burma



The Burmese Attack Stalls

Dec 07, 1824

The Burmese attack stalls and the British gain the upper hand

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Location: Burma



British Victory At Rangoon

Dec 15, 1824

The Burmese army is driven out of the last of their strongholds around Rangoon. The Burmese withdraw their remaining forces to Danubyu

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Location: Burma



British Attack on Arakan

Feb 01, 1825

A large British attack the Burmese at Arakan. Despite being outnumbered the Burmese fight back fiercely so it takes a long time to push them back.

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Location: Burma



British Gunboats Attacks Danubyu

Mar 1825

A force of British gunboats attacks Danubyu. The first British attack is repelled and the Burmese try to counter-attack with foot soldiers, cavalry and 17 fighting elephants. The Congreve rockets panic the elephants while the other artillery breaks the cavalry charge.

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Location: Burma



The British Attack Arakan

Mar 29, 1825

The British launch their attack on the capital of the Arakan region at Mrauk-U. Fighting will continue for several days with the final victory coming on the 1st of April. After this the British will occupy the whole of Arakan.

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Location: Burma



The British Attack Danubyu Again

Apr 01, 1825

The British launch another attack on Danubyu starting with a huge artillery bombardment. The Burmese general is killed by their bombardment while he was walking around the fort in full uniform to help the moral of his troops. The Burmese withdraw from Danubyu soon afterwards.

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Location: Burma



1 Month Armistice

Sep 17, 1825

A one month armistice is held between the British and Burmese

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Location: Burma



Final Battle of Anglo-Burmese War

Nov 1825

The Burmese throw everything into a last ditch effort to get rid of the British, however they cannot overcome the superior British firepower.

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Location: Burma



British Flotilla Attacks Prome

Dec 01, 1825

The British flotilla attacks the Burmese positions outside Prome

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Location: Burma



Maha Ne Myo Killed

Dec 02, 1825

A shell from the British flotilla kills the Burmese general Maha Ne Myo

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Location: Burma



The British Capture Prome

Dec 05, 1825

The British capture Prome

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Location: Britain



Peace Negotiations Start

Dec 26, 1825

The Burmese send a delegation to the British in order to negotiate a peace.

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Location: Burma



Treaty of Yandabo

Feb 26, 1826

The Treaty of Yandabo is signed ending the First Anglo-Burmese War. This treaty required that they pay a million pound indemnity, and the british would not withdraw until the first instalment had been paid. It also required that the Burmese cede these territories to the British:

  • Assam
  • Manipur
  • Arakan
  • the coast of Taninthayi south of Salween River

They also had to cease all their interference in the Cachar region of Assam and the Jaintia Hills district.

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Location: Burma



Gwalior Campaign

Dec 1843

The British controlled most of central and northern India through the Maratha Empire. Following the death of the Maharaja the Marathas in Gwalior tried to use this transition of power as a way of regaining their independence from the British.

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Location: India



Battle of Maharajpore

Dec 29, 1843

The British advanced to attack where they thought that the Marathas were waiting. What they did not know was they they had moved position during the night and came under artillery fire from the new position. They immediately wheeled to attack the new position. Despite the heavy fire they managed to defeat the Marathas in hand to hand fighting.

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Location: India



Battle of Punniar

Dec 29, 1843

The Marathas had occupied the high ground near Mangore. The British Army attacked as soon as they reached the area and drove the Marathas from the hill.

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Location: India



Battle of Mudki

Dec 18, 1845

The British army had camped at Mudki. Their cooking fires where spotted by Sikh scouts who reported back to their Army, which reached them and opened fire in late evening. British artillery replied as the Sikh cavalry tried to get around the flank. British light dragoons charged the Sikh artillery and managed to put them out of action while the British cavalry advanced. Darkness had fallen by the time they managed to drive the Sikhs away.

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Location: India



Battle of Ferozeshah, Day 1

Dec 21, 1845 3PM

Gough's army advanced from Ferozeshah and spotted the Sikh encampment, but waited until 3:30pm to attack. This began with an artillery bombardment to cover the British advance. The British fire was not very effective as Sikhs were well dug in and had much heavier guns. They managed to reach the Sikh battery as night fell, with fighting continued until midnight.

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Location: India



Battle of Ferozeshah, Day 2

Dec 22, 1845 1AM

As dawn broke the British found that they held most of the Sikh camp, much to their surprise. They managed to push the Sikhs from the field, only for Sikh reenforcements to arrive. This looked likely to overwhelm them, until the Sikh commander mistook a withdrawal of the British artillery as an attempt at outflanking him and withdrew his forces.

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Location: India



Battle of Sobraon

Feb 10, 1846

despite the lines being broken at several points the Sikh soldiers fight on without even a thought of surrender, even after their retreat route is destroyed

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Location: India



Havelock Transfers Regiment

1849

Henry Havelock transfers to the 53rd Regiment of Foot

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Location: India



Havelock is Appointed Quartermaster-General

1852

Henry Havelock is appointed Quartermaster-General

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Location: India



Havelock is Appointed Adjutant-General

Nov 1854

Henry Havelock is appointed Adjutant-General in India

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Location: India



The British Declare War on the Persian Empire

Nov 01, 1856

The British declare war on the Persian Empire after Persia took Herat and violated the Anglo-Persian Treaty. The British decide to reply to this by attacking Persia via the Persian Gulf.

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Location: Persian Gulf



British Reinforce the Persian Gulf

Jan 1857

The british send reinforcements to the Persian gulf under the newly promoted Major General James Outram. He brings Henry Havelock with him to command the reinforcements, while he takes overall command.

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Location: Persian Gulf



Battle of Khushab

Feb 07, 1857

The British are ambushed, but manage to break the Persian squares.

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Location: Persian Gulf



Treaty of Paris

Mar 04, 1857

In the Treaty, the Persians agreed to:

  • withdraw from Herat,
  • apologise to the British ambassador on his return,
  • sign a commercial treaty;

It required the British to:

  • not shelter opponents of the Shah in the embassy
  • abandoned the demand to replace prime minister
  • stop demanding territorial concessions to the Imam of Muscat, a British ally
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Location: France



British Warships Enter the Shatt Al-Arab

Mar 19, 1857

British warships enter the Shatt Al-Arab waterway

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Location: Persian Gulf



The British Approach Mohammerah

Mar 24, 1857

The British approach the Persian fortifications at Mohammerah near Basra. Engineer officers go forward in a small canoe to scout out the Persian defences.

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Location: Persian Gulf



Battle of Khorramshahr

Mar 26, 1857

British warships sail up the Shatt Al Arab and destroy the Persian battery. They land soldiers who advance through the date groves. The Persians try to sow them down by cutting open irrigation channels, which are quickly bridged with palm trees

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Location: Persian Gulf



The British Take Mohammerah

Mar 27, 1857

The British take the city of Mohammerah when the Persians abandon in order to withdraw to Ahvaz

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Location: Persian Gulf



Battle of Ahvaz

Apr 01, 1857

The Royal Navy and forces from the 64th Foot and 78th Highlanders attacked the Persians near Ahvaz and take the city

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Location: Persian Gulf



Anglo-Persian War Ends

Apr 04, 1857

Hostilities end when the news of the Treaty of Paris finally reaches the belligerents

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Location: Persian Gulf



Bibighar Massacre

Jul 15, 1857

The surviving women and children from the Satichura Ghat massacre are killed

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Location: Cawnpore



Results of the Bibighar Massacre

Jul 16, 1857

Begum Hussaini Khanum hires street sweepers to strip the bodies of the murdered prisoners and throw them down a well. Some of the women and children had survived the massacre the day before, but they were still stripped and thrown down the well. They threw the little boys in one at a time, the youngest first, so that they were buried alive under the heap of butchered corpses.

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Location: Cawnpore



The British Capture Bibighar

Jul 17, 1857

The British capture Bibighar. They had hoped that they would find the prisoners alive as Nana Sahib had been using them as bargaining chips. When they got there the house was splattered in blood. The tree in the courtyard nearest the well was smeared with the brains of numerous children and infants who had been dashed headfirst against the trunk. Then they looked in the well and found the well full of the butchered bodies of the prisoners.

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Location: Cawnpore



The British Capture Nana Sahib's Palace

Jul 19, 1857

The British take Nana Sahib's palace without any resistance. They seize guns, elephants and camels, and then set the palace on fire.

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Location: Cawnpore



Havelock Withdraws to Cawnpore

Aug 13, 1857

General Havelock returns to Cawnpore to wait for the reinforcements that he needed to fight his way through to Lucknow

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Location: Cawnpore



Lieutenant Aitken Takes a Gun

Aug 29, 1857

Lieutenant Aitken volunteers to take a rebel gun. He took a party of four soldiers with him through the ruined town towards the gun. Rebels fired down on them from the rooftops, but they held their ground until reinforcements arrived. Then between them they dragged the gun back into the Residency.

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Location: Lucknow



Reinforcements Arrive At Cawnpore

Sep 15, 1857

Major General Sir James Outram arrives at Cawnpore with reinforcements

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Location: Cawnpore



Outram Leaves for Lucknow

Sep 18, 1857

Outram and Havelock set out from Cawnpore to relieve Lucknow

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Location: Cawnpore



The British Take Alambagh

Sep 23, 1857

The British force the the rebels out from Alambagh just four miles south of the Residency in Lucknow. They then fortify this walled park so that they can leave their baggage their in order to make their final assault on the rebels besieging the Residency.

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Location: Lucknow



The First Relief of Lucknow

Sep 23, 1857

The British make their final assault on the rebels and break through to the Residency

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Location: Lucknow



Lawrence Sorties From the Residency

Sep 26, 1857

Captain Lawrence goes out from the residency at Lucknow in a sortie with this men. He charges with two of his men to capture an enemy 9-pounder gun.

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Location: Lucknow



Campbell Arrives At Cawnpore

Nov 03, 1857

Sir Colin Campbell arrives at Cawnpore

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Location: Cawnpore



Campbell Sets Out for Lucknow

Nov 14, 1857

Sir Colin Campbell sets out for Lucknow with his relief force

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Location: Cawnpore



Storming of Sikandar Bagh

Nov 16, 1857 8AM

The british are ambushed at Sikandar Bagh, but manage to storm the fortifications

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Location: Lucknow



Storming of Shah Najaf

Nov 16, 1857

The British storm to fortified a mosque and force out the defenders

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Location: Lucknow



The Evacuation of Lucknow Begins

Nov 17, 1857

The evacuation of Lucknow begins

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Location: Lucknow



The Rebels Advance on Cawnpore

Nov 19, 1857

The advance guard of Nana Sahib's lieutenant Tantya Tope occupy the routes west and north-west of Cawnpore.

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Location: Cawnpore



Havelock Dies

Nov 24, 1857

Havelock dies of dysentery

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Location: Lucknow