A group of British merchant sailors in Kowloon beat Lin Weir to death after becoming drunk on Samshu, a form of rice liqueur. Elliot paid compensation to Lin’s family, but he refused to hand the sailors over to the Chinese authorities. Instead, they face trial on a warship at sea. The sailors are convicted of assault and rioting, and sentenced to fines and hard labour. The British refusal to hand the sailors over angers Lin Zexu who recall all Chinese labourers from Macau and deploy their own warships on the mouth of the Pearl River.